UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to _______________

 

Commission File Number 001-36404

 

INPIXON

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

NEVADA   88-0434915
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

2479 E. Bayshore Road

Suite 195

Palo Alto, CA 94303

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(408) 702-2167

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class  

Name of each exchange on

which each is registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ☐     No  ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ☐     No  ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ☒     No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ☒     No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐   Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐   Smaller reporting company ☒
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☐     No  ☒

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

As of June 30, 2016, the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the last sale price of the common equity was $9,508,073.

 

As of April 11, 2017, the registrant has 2,181,745 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inpixon

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS REPORT 2
   
PART I  
   
ITEM 1: BUSINESS 3
   
ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS 11
   
ITEM 1B: UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 38
   
ITEM 2: PROPERTIES 39
   
ITEM 3: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 39
   
ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 39
   
PART II  
   
ITEM 5: MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 40
   
ITEM 6: SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA. 41
   
ITEM 7: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 41
   
ITEM 7A: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 58
   
ITEM 8: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA F-1
   
ITEM 9: CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 59
   
ITEM 9A: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 59
   
ITEM 9B: OTHER INFORMATION 59
   
PART III  
   
ITEM 10: DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 60
   
ITEM 11: EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 65
   
ITEM 12: SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 68
   
ITEM 13: CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 70
   
ITEM 14: PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 71
   
PART IV  
   
ITEM 15: EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 72
   
SIGNATURE 77

 

  1  
 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER INFORMATION

CONTAINED IN THIS REPORT

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “hopes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” or other similar expressions in this report. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions; prospective products, applications, customers and technologies; future performance or results of anticipated products; and projected expenses and financial results. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

  our limited cash and our history of losses;

 

  our ability to achieve profitability;

 

  our limited operating history with recent acquisitions;

 

  emerging competition and rapidly advancing technology in our industry that may outpace our technology;

 

  customer demand for the products and services we develop;

 

  the impact of competitive or alternative products, technologies and pricing;

 

  our ability to manufacture any products we develop;

 

  general economic conditions and events and the impact they may have on us and our potential customers;

 

  our ability to obtain adequate financing in the future;

 

  our ability to continue as a going concern;

 

  our success at managing the risks involved in the foregoing items; and

 

  other factors discussed in this report.

 

The forward-looking statements are based upon management’s beliefs and assumptions and are made as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements included in this report. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

  2  
 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1: BUSINESS

 

Unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise requires, the terms “Inpixon” “we,” “us,” “our” “the Corporation” and the “Company” refer collectively to Inpixon, f/k/a Sysorex Global, and its subsidiaries.

 

Introduction

 

Inpixon is a technology company that helps to secure, digitize and optimize any premises with Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) for Businesses and Governments in the connected world. Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics is based on radically new sensor technology that finds all accessible cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and RFID signals anonymously. Paired with a high-performance, data analytics platform, this technology delivers visibility, security and business intelligence on any commercial or government premises world-wide. Inpixon’s products, infrastructure solutions and professional services group help customers take advantage of mobile, big data, analytics and the Internet of Things (IoT).

 

Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics offer:

 

Radically new sensors with proprietary technology that can find all accessible cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and RF signals. Utilizing various radio signal technologies ensures precision device positioning accurately down to arm’s length. This enables highly detailed understanding of customer journey and dwell time in retail scenario; detection and identification of authorized and unauthorized devices; and prevention of rogue devices through alert notification based on rules when unknown devices are detected in restricted areas.
     
Data Science analytics with lightning fast data mining using in-memory database that uses a dynamic blend of RAM and NAND along with specially optimized algorithms that both minimize data movement and maximize system performance. This enables the system to deliver reports full of valuable Insights to the user as well as integrate with common 3rd party visualization, charting, graphing and dashboard systems.
     
Insights that deliver visibility and business intelligence about detailed customer journey and flow analysis of in stores and storefronts allowing businesses to better understand customer preferences, measure campaign effectiveness, uncover revenue opportunities and deliver an exceptional shopping experience.

 

Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics can assist all types of establishments, including brands, retailers, shopping malls and shopping centers, hotels and resorts, gaming operators, airports, healthcare facilities, office buildings and government agencies, by providing greater security, gaining better business intelligence, increasing consumer confidence and reducing risk while being compliant with most stringent “Personal Identifiable Information” regulation.  

 

Inpixon also provides supporting products and services including enterprise computing and storage, virtualization, business continuity, data migration, custom application development, networking and information technology business consulting services. These allow Inpixon to offer turnkey solutions when requested by customers.

 

  3  
 

 

Corporate Strategy

 

Management’s corporate strategy is to continue to build and develop Inpixon as a technology company that provides turnkey solutions from the collection of data to delivering insights from that data to our customers with a focus on securing, digitizing and optimizing premises with indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) for businesses and governments. In connection with such strategy and in order to facilitate our long-term growth, we have acquired certain companies, technologies and intellectual property, or IP, that complement such goals and will continue to consider completing additional strategic acquisitions as long as our financial condition permits. An important element of this mergers and acquisitions strategy is to acquire companies with complementary capabilities and/or innovative and commercially proven technologies in indoor positioning and big data analytics and to obtain an established customer base. We believe that acquiring complementary products and/or IP will add value to the Company, and the customer base of each potential acquisition will also present an opportunity to cross-sell our existing solutions. Candidates with proven technologies that complement our overall strategy may come from anywhere in the world, so long as there are strategic and financial reasons to make the acquisition. If we conduct any acquisitions in the future, we expect to pay for such acquisitions using restricted common stock, cash and debt financing in combinations appropriate for each acquisition. In connection with our strategic business plan, Inpixon may also consider the sale or divestment of certain assets for strategic and financial purposes should the management deem such transactions necessary or desirable in order to facilitate its overall strategy.

 

Industry Overview

 

We believe that more and more enterprises are realizing the importance of employing Information Technology in their operations. The technology growth story has long focused on the consumer, but as enterprises in every industry sector, including the government sector, look to technology to facilitate and transform their own operations, the opportunities for technology companies have broadened considerably. The following information illustrates the ways in which various IT markets are expected to grow.

 

The indoor location market is estimated to grow from $4.72 billion in 2016 to $23.13 billion by 2021, at a compound annual growth rate, or CAGR of 37.4%. [Source: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/PressReleases/indoor-location.asp]

 

The location analytics market is expected to grow from $8.20 billion in 2016 to $16.34 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 17.6% from 2016 to 2021. [Source: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/location-analytics-market-177193456.html?gclid=CMzC4pzkztICFVY7gQodHsoFzQ]

 

The location-based services (LBS) and real-time location systems (RTLS) market has grown considerably over the past few years and is expected to grow further with increasing portable personal digital assistant (PDA)-based e-commerce. The overall market is expected to grow from $15.04 billion in 2016 to $77.84 billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 38.9%.

 

The IDC Worldwide Semiannual Big Data and Analytics Spending Guide, released October 3, 2016, predicts that the Big Data and business analytics market will grow from $130 billion by the end of this year to $203 billion by 2020. That's a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.7% over the next years, according to IDC.[Source: http://www.informationweek.com/big-data/big-data-analytics-market-to-hit-$203-billion-in-2020-/d/d-id/1327092]

  

In July 2013, Cisco forecasted that The Internet of Things, which consists of smart connected objects in homes, businesses and our surroundings that have the ability communicate over a multimodal network without human-to-human or human-to-computer involvement, would grow to 50 billion devices by the year 2020.

 

According to a report by Allied Market Research titled, “Global Mobile Security Market, Solution, Types, OS, Trends, Opportunities, Growth and Forecast, 2013 – 2020”, the global mobile security market would reach $34.8 billion by 2020, registering a CAGR of 40.8% during 2014 - 2020. 

 

The cyber security market size is estimated to grow from USD 122.45 Billion in 2016 to USD 202.36 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.6% during the forecast period. 2015 is considered to be the base year while the forecast period is 2016–2021. (Source: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/cyber-security-market-505.html?gclid=COSEpv-Ho9MCFYVgfgodYmAJXw)

 

According to industry sources, the cloud analytics market is expected to grow from $7.5 Billion in 2015 to $23.1 Billion in 2020 at a CAGR of 25.1% during the forecast period. (source:http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/PressReleases/cloud-based-business-analytics.asp) 

  4  
 

 

The U.S. Federal IT market will reach $140 billion by 2023, growing at CAGR 3.6% in the period 2018-2023 according to Market Research Media (Source: https://www.marketresearchmedia.com/?p=193)

We expect that investment in IT research and development will continue to be strong in the future and that technologies like ours will deliver new level of value and opportunities for business enterprises.

 

Corporate Structure

 

In 2015 we had five operating subsidiaries:  (i) Sysorex Federal, Inc. (100% ownership) (“Sysorex Federal”) and its wholly owned subsidiary Sysorex Government Services, Inc. (“Sysorex Government” or “Sysorex Government Services”) based in Herndon, Virginia, which focused on the U.S. Federal government market; (ii) Lilien Systems (100% ownership) (“Lilien”) based in Larkspur, California; (iii) Shoom, Inc. (100% ownership) (“Shoom”) based in Encino, California, (iv) AirPatrol Corporation (100% ownership) (“AirPatrol”) based in Maple Lawn, Maryland and its wholly owned subsidiary AirPatrol Research Corp. based in Coquitlam, British Columbia, and (v) Sysorex Arabia LLC (50.2% ownership) (“Sysorex Arabia”) based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. On December 4, 2015, the Company’s board of directors approved a series of reorganization transactions to streamline the organizational structure of the Company and its direct and indirect subsidiaries.

 

Effective January 1, 2016 we have three operating subsidiaries: (i) Inpixon USA (100% ownership) based in Larkspur, California and its wholly-owned subsidiary Inpixon Federal, Inc. based in Herndon, Virginia, which focuses on the U.S. Federal government market; (ii) Inpixon Canada Corp. based in Coquitlam, British Columbia; and (iii) Sysorex Arabia LLC (50.2% ownership) based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

These consolidated subsidiaries operate in the following business segments:

 

  Mobile, IoT and Big Data Products: These products currently include our AirPatrol product line (location-based security and marketing platform for wireless and cellular devices that can detect, monitor and manage the content and behavior of smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices based on their location and user) and our on-premises Big Data appliance product (Light Miner Studio “LMS”) and will include future products we acquire or develop.
     
  Storage and Computing: This segment includes third party hardware, software and related maintenance and/or warranty products and services that we resell. It includes, but is not limited to, products for enterprise computing, storage, virtualization, networking, etc.
     
  SaaS Revenues: These are Software-as-a-Services (SaaS) or internet based hosted services including the Shoom product line and Cloud based Big Data analytics services (based on our LMS product) and other data science services, analytics services for AirPatrol products and other managed services on a SaaS basis.
     
  Professional Services: These are general IT services including but not limited to: custom application/software design; architecture and development; project management; C4I system consulting; strategic outsourcing; staff augmentation; data center design and operations services; data migration services and other non-SaaS services.

 

Although the subsidiaries are separate legal entities, the Company is structured by function and organized to operate in an integrated fashion as one business.  

 

Corporate History

 

The Company was formed in Nevada in April 1999.

 

  5  
 

 

On July 29, 2011, we acquired all of the stock of the U.S. Federal government business of the Company, which included Sysorex Federal and its subsidiary Sysorex Government, and 50.2% of the stock of the operating unit of the Company engaged in Saudi Arabian government contracts (Sysorex Arabia, LLC). 

 

On March 20, 2013, we completed the acquisition of the assets of Lilien LLC. In conjunction with the name change we announced in February 2017, Lilien was renamed Inpixon USA. Inpixon USA, based in Larkspur, California, is an information technology company that provides a Big Data analytics platform and enterprise infrastructure capabilities. Inpixon USA delivers right-fit information technology solutions in enterprise computing and storage, virtualization, business continuity, networking and IT business consulting that help organizations reach their next level of business advantage.

 

Effective August 31, 2013, we acquired 100% of the stock of Shoom. Shoom, which was merged into Inpixon USA in January 2016, provides us with Cloud based data analytics and enterprise solutions to the media, publishing and entertainment industries.

 

Effective April 18, 2014, we acquired 100% of the stock of AirPatrol Corporation. AirPatrol, which was merged into Inpixon USA in January 2016, developed indoor device locationing, monitoring and management technologies for mobile devices operating on WiFi, cellular and wideband RF networks. Through AirPatrol we acquired two product lines, ZoneDefense (now rebranded “AirPatrol for Security”) and ZoneAware (now rebranded “AirPatrol for Retail”). These products and technologies deliver solutions to address an exploding global location-based mobile security and services (LBS) and real-time location systems (RTLS) market estimated to be more than $15.0 billion in 2016 and to grow to $77.8 billion by 2021, growing at 37.5% (Source: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/location-based-service-market-96994431.html?gclid=CKz8gKml69ICFQx6fgodTkoBNQ]. AirPatrol for Retail also serves as a location-based services, sales and marketing system. The security platform connects to third party apps on a user’s mobile device that provide functions such as location-based offers, discounts and suggestive selling, VIP service functions (for hotels, resorts, casinos, etc.), and location-based information delivery such as mobile-based guided tours of historic sites, points of interest and museums, shopping center maps, building floor plans and so on. These products require no app installation for anonymous collection of behavioral data such as traffic flow, entry and exit patterns, length of stay and other business intelligence and analytics functions.

 

On April 24, 2015, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of LightMiner Systems, Inc. (“LightMiner”), which was in the business of developing and commercializing in-memory Structured Query Language databases. The assets acquired from LightMiner included an in-memory, real-time, data analysis system designed to perform very large, highly complex and extremely difficult calculations using off-the-shelf hardware and memory. The system supports both traditional SQL-based business intelligence and analytics applications as well as a host of integrated statistical, machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms allowing it to provide supercomputer-like performance at competitive prices.

 

On November 21, 2016 we completed the acquisition of the business and certain assets of Integrio Technologies, LLC (“Integrio” or “Integrio Technologies”) and Emtech Federal, LLC (“Emtech Federal”). Integrio, together with Emtech Federal, is an IT integration and engineering company that provides solutions for network performance, secure wireless infrastructure, software application lifecycle support, and physical cyber security for federal, state and local government agencies.

 

On December 4, 2015 and effective January 1, 2016, our Board of Directors approved the following reorganization transactions: (1) statutory mergers of AirPatrol and Shoom with and into Lilien, pursuant to which Lilien was the surviving corporation and changed its name to “Sysorex USA”; and (2) a short-form statutory merger of the Company with a newly-formed wholly-owned Nevada corporation, pursuant to which the Company changed its name to “Sysorex Global”. Immediately prior to the consummation of these mergers, the Company carried out (i) an assignment from AirPatrol to the Company of all shares of capital stock of AirPatrol Research Corp. (“AirPatrol Research”), pursuant to which AirPatrol Research became a direct subsidiary of the Company; (ii) the amendment of AirPatrol Research’s Notice of Articles to change its name to “Sysorex Canada Corp.”; (iii) the dissolution and winding up of Sysorex Federal, in which Sysorex Federal assigned and transferred all of its assets, including all outstanding shares of capital stock of Sysorex Government, to the Company, and the Company assumed Sysorex Federal’s debts and liabilities; (iv) an assignment from the Company to Lilien of all outstanding shares of capital stock of Sysorex Government, pursuant to which Sysorex Government became a direct subsidiary of Lilien. 

 

  6  
 

 

On February 27, 2017, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with Inpixon, our wholly-owned Nevada subsidiary formed solely for the purpose of changing our corporate name from Sysorex Global to Inpixon. As part of the name change, each of our subsidiaries also amended their corporate charters to change their names from Sysorex USA, Sysorex Government Services, Inc. and Sysorex Canada Corp. to Inpixon USA, Inpixon Federal, Inc. and Inpixon Canada, Inc., respectively, effective as of March 1, 2017. Also effective March 1, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to effect a 1-for-15 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock.

 

Our Products and Services

 

We provide the following products and services that may be used by any number of businesses and government agencies.

 

  LightMiner Analytics Platform — This is an advanced solution for aggregating and mining multi-terabyte Big Data sets in real time for instant insights. The product is Cloud-based so there’s nothing to install and it is fully scalable to meet even the most demanding business requirements. Our quick start analytics modules are available for a variety of industry verticals and applications.
     
  Data Science and Advanced Analytics Consulting Services — Our consulting services are backed by our data science and analytics team that develops data driven solutions for the most complex challenges. Our team’s extensive experience and unique strategies allow it to leverage Big Data in new ways to uncover hidden insights and create new business opportunities.
     
  AirPatrol for Security (formerly ZoneDefense) – This is a mobile security and detection product that locates devices operating within a monitored area, determines their compliance with network security policies for that zone, and if the device is not compliant, can trigger policy modification of device apps and/or features either directly or via third party mobile device, application and network management tools.
     
  AirPatrol for Retail (formerly ZoneAware) – This is a commercial product for enabling location and/or context-based marketing services and information delivery to mobile devices based on zones as small as 10 feet or as large as a square mile. The monitored areas may include a building, a campus, a mall, and outdoor regions like a downtown.  Unlike other mobile locationing technologies, AirPatrol technologies use passive sensors that work over both cellular and WiFi networks and offer device locationing and zone-based app and information delivery accurate to within 10 feet. Additionally, unlike geo-fencing systems, AirPatrol technologies are capable of simultaneously enabling different policies and delivering different apps or information to multiple devices within the same zone based on contexts such as the type of device, the device user and time of day.
     
  Shoom Products (eTearsheets; eInvoice, AdDelivery, ePaper) - The Shoom products are Cloud based applications and analytics for the media and publishing industry. These products also generate critical data analytics for the customers.
     
  Enterprise Infrastructure Solutions and Services — These products and services help organizations tackle challenges and accelerate business goals by implementing best of breed technology solutions. We believe that our deep expertise in a broad range of infrastructure solutions, from storage and Big Data solutions to converged infrastructure and cyber security, delivers impactful results for our clients.
     
  IT Services — From enterprise architecture design to custom application development, Inpixon offers a full range of information technology development and implementation services with expertise in a broad range of IT practices including project design and management, systems integration, outsourcing, independent validation and verification, cyber security and more.

 

  7  
 

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Our future plans include significant investments in research and development and related product opportunities. Our management believes that we must continue to dedicate a significant amount of resources to research and development efforts to maintain a competitive position. Research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 totaled $2.3 million and $635,000, respectively.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

We utilize direct marketing through approximately 44 outside and inside sales representatives, who are compensated with a base salary and some sales positions receive incentive plans such as commission or bonus plans. We utilize webinars, conferences, tradeshows and other direct and indirect marketing activities to generate demand for our products and services. We also have extensive relationships with channel partners to directly engage with customers and to perform the installation services. We train our partners and we have our own channel/partner managers to support and augment partners as needed.  

 

We have built a core competency in bidding on government requests for proposals. We utilize our internal bid and proposal team as well as consultants to prepare the proposal responses for government clients. We also use business development, sales and account management employees or consultants.

 

As part of our end-to-end IT solutions, we are authorized resellers of the products and services of leading IT manufacturers and distributors. In many cases, we have achieved the highest level of relationship the manufacturer or distributor offers. In addition, our employees hold certifications issued by these manufacturers and by industry associations relating to the configuration, installation and servicing of these products. We differentiate ourselves from our competitors by the range of manufacturers and distributors we represent, the relationship level we have achieved with these manufacturers and distributors and the scope of the manufacturer and industry certifications our employees hold.

 

Inpixon has a variety of contracts that vary from cost plus to time and material in its storage and computing and professional services segments. These apply to both commercial and government customers including contracts recently acquired from Integrio Technologies. Our proprietary products such as AirPatrol and Lightminer are sold on a license or software-as-a-service (SaaS) model. In our licensing model we also typically charge an annual maintenance fee. Our Shoom product is on a monthly subscription model based on 2-3 year contracts.

 

Customers

 

Inpixon has worked with over 1,000 customers company-wide since inception. These customers include many civilian and defense federal, state and local government agencies as well as enterprise customers in retail, manufacturing, life sciences, bio-tech, high-tech, agriculture, financial services, state and local government, utilities, media and entertainment, telecom and many other verticals. A partial list of recent customers include Healthnet, Gilead Sciences, Dow Jones Local Media Group, Gannett, RockStar Games, Hewlett Packard, Evault, Hawaii Electric, Hearst Corporation, E& J Gallo Winery, U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, Business Wire, Premera Blue Cross and the City of Seattle. The Company does not depend on one or a few customers, however, as a result of our acquisition of Integrio, there are a few large government contracts (SEWP, CIO-CS, ADMC, GSA) that may generate a significant portion of our revenues during 2017, but these are task order contracts that come from a variety of end-user customers. In the private sector we have long term client relationships that may generate approximately 5%-10% of our revenue in a particular quarter as a result of a large project that may be in process, but once the project is completed another project may not be immediately undertaken.

 

Competition

 

We face substantial competition from other national, multi-regional, regional and local value-added resellers and IT service providers, some of which may have greater financial and other resources than we do or that may have more fully developed business relationships with clients or prospective clients than we do. Many of our competitors compete principally on the basis of price and may have lower costs or accept lower selling prices than we do and, therefore, we may need to reduce our prices. In addition, manufacturers may choose to market their products directly to end-users, rather than through IT solutions providers such as us, and this could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face competition from various companies, both small and large, for different parts of our business. In the Big Data analytics market, these competitors, and sometimes partners, could include HP, IBM, Splunk, Fusion Storm, Global Inc., Bear Data, LLC.

 

  8  
 

 

Our AirPatrol products compete with WiFi based detection companies such as Aruba, Cisco, Euclid Analytics and other smaller companies. However, these companies currently offer only WiFi detection and therefore we believe they cannot achieve the accuracy that AirPatrol can achieve. AirPatrol has partnered with or replaced some of these companies because it offers WiFi, cellular, RFID and Bluetooth and has a location accuracy of approximately 10-feet. Mobile device management companies like AirWatch, Mobile Iron and Good Technology have also integrated with AirPatrol instead of developing competing products. MerlinOne and PressTeligence compete with the functionality of our Shoom products, but typically provide information only for the specific customer and not for the customer’s competitors or for the industry.

 

The U.S. government systems integration business is intensely competitive and subject to rapid change. We compete with a large number of systems integrators, hardware and software manufacturers, and other large and diverse companies attempting to enter or expand their presence in the U.S. government market. Many of the existing and potential competitors have greater financial, operating and technological resources than we have. The competitive environment may require us to make changes in our pricing, services or marketing. The competitive bidding process involves substantial costs and a number of risks, including significant cost and managerial time to prepare bids and proposals for contracts that may not be awarded to us, or that may be awarded, but for which we do not receive meaningful revenues. Accordingly, our success depends on our ability to develop services and products that address changing needs and to provide people and technology needed to deliver these services and products. In the government services sector our competition includes large systems integrators and defense contractors as well as small businesses such as 8a, Women Owned, Veteran Disabled, Alaskan Native, etc. Some of these competitors include global defense and IT service companies including IBM Global Services, LogicaCMG, CSC, ATOS Origins, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon IT Services and SAIC.

 

This complex landscape of domestic and multi-national services companies creates a challenging environment. To remain competitive, we must consistently provide superior service, technology and performance on a cost-effective basis to our customers. While we believe that, due to the functionality of our products, we can successfully compete in all of these markets, at this time we do not represent a significant presence in any these markets.

 

Intellectual Property

 

The Company expects to file trademark applications for the names Inpixon, Inpixon – Indoor Positioning & Analytics, and Inpixon – Security Dome. The Company uses several trademarks relating to the products and services of AirPatrol and owns one registered mark, ZoneDefense®. The Company also owns three issued patents, two of which are registered in the United States and one of which is registered in Mexico, and has ten patent applications pending in various countries, including the United States, relating to AirPatrol products and two pending patent applications, both of which are filed in the United States, relating to Lightminer products. The awarded patents were issued September 23, 2015, September 23, 2014 and September 16, 2014 and will expire in the years 2032, 2031 and 2028, respectively.

 

Government Regulation

 

In general, we are subject to numerous federal, state and foreign legal requirements on matters as diverse as data privacy and protection, employment and labor relations, immigration, taxation, anticorruption, import/export controls, trade restrictions, internal and disclosure control obligations, securities regulation and anti-competition.

 

Furthermore, U.S. government contracts generally are subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), which sets forth policies, procedures and requirements for the acquisition of goods and services by the U.S. government, department-specific regulations that implement or supplement DFAR, such as the DoD’s Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) and other applicable laws and regulations. We are also subject to the Truth in Negotiations Act, which requires certification and disclosure of cost and pricing data in connection with certain contract negotiations; the Procurement Integrity Act, which regulates access to competitor bid and proposal information and government source selection information, and our ability to provide compensation to certain former government officials; the Civil False Claims Act, which provides for substantial civil penalties for violations, including for submission of a false or fraudulent claim to the U.S. government for payment or approval; and the U.S. Government Cost Accounting Standards, which impose accounting requirements that govern our right to reimbursement under certain cost-based U.S. government contracts.

 

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Violations of one or more of these diverse legal requirements in the conduct of our business could result in significant fines and other damages, criminal sanctions against us or our officers, prohibitions on doing business and damage to our reputation. Violations of these regulations or contractual obligations related to regulatory compliance in connection with the performance of customer contracts could also result in liability for significant monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity and other reputational damage, restrictions on our ability to compete for certain work and allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual obligations. To date, compliance with these regulations has not been financially burdensome.

 

Employees

 

As of March 22, 2017, we have 157 employees including 6 part-time employees. This includes 7 officers, 44 sales people, 4 marketing people, 92 technical/engineering people and 24 finance and administration persons.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

As a company with less than $1.0 billion in revenue during our most recently completed fiscal year, we qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of specified reduced disclosure and other requirements that are otherwise applicable, in general, to public companies that are not emerging growth companies. These provisions include:

 

  Reduced disclosure about our executive compensation arrangements;

 

  No non-binding shareholder advisory votes on executive compensation or golden parachute arrangements;

 

  Exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting; and

 

Reduced disclosure of financial information in this report, limited to two years of audited financial information and two years of selected financial information. 

 

As a smaller reporting company, each of the foregoing exemptions is currently available to us. We may take advantage of these exemptions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.0 billion in annual revenues as of the end of a fiscal year, if we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or if we issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year-period.

 

The JOBS Act permits an emerging growth company to take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies. We have chosen to “opt out” of this provision. Therefore, we will be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

 

Corporate Information

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 2479 E. Bayshore Road, Suite 195, Palo Alto, CA 94303, and our telephone number is (408) 702-2167. Our subsidiaries maintain offices in Herndon Virginia, Larkspur California, Honolulu Hawaii, Bellevue Washington, Beaverton Oregon, Carlsbad California, Encino California, Maple Lawn Maryland and Coquitlam, British Columbia. Our Internet website is www.inpixon.com.  The information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not part of this report, and you should not rely on any such information in making any investment decision relating to our common stock.

 

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ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS

 

We are subject to various risks that may materially harm our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. An investment in our common stock is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. In evaluating an investment in shares of our common stock, you should carefully consider the risks described below, together with the other information included in this report.

 

If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occurs, or if additional risks and uncertainties later materialize, that are not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial, then our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In that event, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and investors in our common stock may lose all or part of their investment in our shares. The risks discussed below include forward-looking statements, and our actual results may differ substantially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements.

 

Risks Related to Our Consolidated Operations

 

We have completed five acquisitions since 2013, including Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio, which may make it difficult for potential investors to evaluate our future consolidated business. Furthermore, due to the risks and uncertainties related to the acquisition of new businesses, any such acquisition does not guarantee that we will be able to attain profitability.

 

Between March 2013 and November 2016, we completed five acquisitions. Our limited combined operating history makes it difficult for potential investors to evaluate our business or prospective operations or the merits of an investment in our securities. We are subject to the risks inherent in the financing, expenditures, complications and delays characteristic of a newly combined business. These risks are described below under the risk factor titled “Any future acquisitions that we may make could disrupt our business, cause dilution to our stockholders and harm our business, financial condition or operating results.” In addition, while the former affiliates of four of these businesses have indemnified the Company from any undisclosed liabilities, there may not be adequate resources to cover such indemnity. Furthermore, there are risks that the vendors, suppliers and customers of these acquired entities may not renew their relationships for which there is no indemnification. Accordingly, our business and success faces risks from uncertainties inherent to developing companies in a competitive environment. There can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful or that we will ultimately be able to attain profitability.

 

Our ability to successfully execute our business plan may require additional debt or equity financing, which may otherwise not be available on reasonable terms or at all.

 

According to our business plan we may need additional debt or equity financing. Future financings through equity offerings by us will be dilutive to existing stockholders.  Also, the terms of securities we may issue in future capital transactions may be more favorable to new investors than our current investors. Newly issued securities may include preferences, superior voting rights, the issuance of warrants or other derivative securities. We may also issue incentive awards under employee equity incentive plans, which may have additional dilutive effects.  We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we may issue in the future such as convertible notes and warrants, which would adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations. Our ability to obtain needed financing may be impaired by factors, including the condition of the economy and capital markets, both generally and specifically in our industry, and the fact that we are not profitable, which could impact the availability or cost of future financing. If the amount of capital we are able to raise from financing activities, together with our revenues from operations, is not sufficient to satisfy our capital needs, we may need to reduce our operations by, for example, selling certain assets or business segments.

 

Failure to manage or protect growth may be detrimental to our business because our infrastructure may not be adequate for expansion.

 

The Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio acquisitions require a substantial expansion of the Company’s systems, workforce and facilities (Effective January 1, 2016, Shoom and AirPatrol were merged into Lilien, which changed its name to Sysorex USA and then to Inpixon USA on March 1, 2017). We may fail to adequately manage our anticipated future growth. The substantial growth in our operations as a result of our acquisitions has, and is expected to continue to, place a significant strain on our administrative, financial and operational resources, and increase demands on our management and on our operational and administrative systems, controls and other resources.  For instance the growth strategy of Inpixon USA (formerly Lilien) includes broadening its service and product offerings, implementing an aggressive marketing plan and employing leading technologies.  There can be no assurance that our systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support our operations as they expand.  We cannot assure you that our existing personnel, systems, procedures or controls will be adequate to support our operations in the future or that we will be able to successfully implement appropriate measures consistent with our growth strategy. As part of this growth, we may have to implement new operational and financial systems, procedures and controls to expand, train and manage our employee base, and maintain close coordination among our staff. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so, or that if we are able to do so, we will be able to effectively integrate them into our existing staff and systems.

 

To the extent we acquire other businesses, we will also need to integrate and assimilate new operations, technologies and personnel.  The integration of new personnel will continue to result in some disruption to ongoing operations. The ability to effectively manage growth in a rapidly evolving market requires effective planning and management processes. We will need to continue to improve operational, financial and managerial controls, reporting systems and procedures, and will need to continue to expand, train and manage our work force.  There can be no assurance that the Company would be able to accomplish such an expansion on a timely basis. If the Company is unable to effect any required expansion and is unable to perform its contracts on a timely and satisfactory basis, its reputation and eligibility to secure additional contracts in the future could be damaged. The failure to perform could also result in contract terminations and significant liability. Any such result would adversely affect the Company’s business and financial condition.

 

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Our financial status raises doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents were $1,821,000 at December 31, 2016, compared with $4,060,000 at December 31, 2015. We continue to incur significant operating losses, and management expects that significant on-going operating expenditures will be necessary to successfully implement our business plan and develop and market our products. These circumstances raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are issued. Implementation of our plans and our ability to continue as a going concern will depend upon our ability to market our technology and raise additional capital.

 

Management believes that we have access to capital resources through possible public or private equity offerings, exchange offers, debt financings, corporate collaborations or other means. In addition, we continue to explore opportunities to strategically monetize our technology and our services, although there can be no assurance that we will be successful with such plans. We have historically been able to raise capital through equity offerings, although no assurance can be provided that we will continue to be successful in the future. If we are unable to raise sufficient capital through 2017 or otherwise, we will not be able to pay our obligations as they become due.

 

We have regained our compliance status with NASDAQ’s Listing Rules but there is no assurance for our continued listing.

 

On November 30, 2015, the Company received notification from The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) stating that the Company did not comply with the minimum $1.00 bid price requirement for continued listing set forth in NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) (the “Rule”) and that it would have 180 days until May 31, 2016 to regain compliance. On June 1, 2016, NASDAQ provided the Company granted the Company an additional 180 days, or until November 28, 2016 to comply with this requirement.

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company received notification (the “Staff Delisting Determination”) from NASDAQ that it had not regained compliance with the Rule and unless the Company appealed the Staff Delisting Determination, trading of the Company’s common stock would be suspended at the opening of business on December 8, 2016, and a Form 25-NSE would be filed with the SEC which would remove the Company’s securities from listing and registration on NASDAQ.

On March 16, 2017, the Company received notice from NASDAQ stating that the Company had regained compliance with the Rule and is in compliance with other applicable requirements required for listing on NASDAQ. In order to maintain that listing, we must continue to satisfy minimum financial and other continued listing requirements and standards, including those regarding director independence and independent committee requirements, minimum stockholders’ equity, minimum share price, and certain corporate governance requirements. There can be no assurances that we will be able to comply with the applicable listing standards. If we are unable to maintain compliance with these NASDAQ requirements, our common stock could be delisted from NASDAQ.

In such event, it could become more difficult to dispose of, or obtain accurate price quotations for, our common stock, and there would likely also be a reduction in our coverage by securities analysts and the news media, which could cause the price of our common stock to decline further. Also, it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital if we are not listed on a major exchange.

 

We will need to increase the size of our organization, and we may experience difficulties in managing growth, which could hurt our financial performance.

 

In addition to employees hired from Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio and any other companies which we may acquire in the future, we anticipate that we will need to expand our employee infrastructure for managerial, operational, financial and other resources at the parent company level.  Future growth will impose significant added responsibilities on members of management, including the need to identify, recruit, maintain and integrate additional employees. Our future financial performance and our ability to commercialize our product candidates and to compete effectively will depend, in part, on our ability to manage any future growth effectively.

 

In order to manage our future growth, we will need to continue to improve our management, operational and financial controls and our reporting systems and procedures. All of these measures will require significant expenditures and will demand the attention of management. If we do not continue to enhance our management personnel and our operational and financial systems and controls in response to growth in our business, we could experience operating inefficiencies that could impair our competitive position and could increase our costs more than we had planned. If we are unable to manage growth effectively, our business, financial condition and operating results could be adversely affected.

 

The reorganization transactions we carried out in 2015 and the name change completed in 2017 may cause us to be in a technical breach of certain third-party agreements.

 

In 2015, we carried out a series of reorganization transactions to streamline the organizational structure within the Company and both its direct and indirect subsidiaries. In addition, in February 2017, we changed our corporate name. Although these transactions occurred solely within the Company and its subsidiaries, there still may have been an obligation to either provide notice and/or seek consent from certain third parties pursuant to the contracts we have with these parties. We have reviewed and addressed these requirements; however, our failure to comply with any of these notice or consent requirements may have left us in a technical breach, thus possibly subjecting us to potential liabilities or an early termination under the applicable contracts. As of the date of this filing there are no known breaches.

 

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Our business depends on experienced and skilled personnel, and if we are unable to attract and integrate skilled personnel, it will be more difficult for us to manage our business and complete contracts.

 

The success of our business depends on the skill of our personnel. Accordingly, it is critical that we maintain, and continue to build, a highly experienced management team and specialized workforce, including those who create software programs and sales professionals. Competition for personnel, particularly those with expertise in government consulting and a security clearance, is high, and identifying candidates with the appropriate qualifications can be costly and difficult. We may not be able to hire the necessary personnel to implement our business strategy given our anticipated hiring needs, or we may need to provide higher compensation or more training to our personnel than we currently anticipate.  In addition, our ability to recruit, hire and indirectly deploy former employees of the U.S. government is subject to complex laws and regulations, which may serve as an impediment to our ability to attract such former employees.

 

Our business is labor intensive and our success depends on our ability to attract, retain, train and motivate highly skilled employees, including employees who may become part of our organization in connection with our acquisitions. The increase in demand for consulting, technology integration and managed services has further increased the need for employees with specialized skills or significant experience in these areas. Our ability to expand our operations will be highly dependent on our ability to attract a sufficient number of highly skilled employees and to retain our employees and the employees of companies that we have acquired. We may not be successful in attracting and retaining enough employees to achieve our desired expansion or staffing plans. Furthermore, the industry turnover rates for these types of employees are high and we may not be successful in retaining, training or motivating our employees. Any inability to attract, retain, train and motivate employees could impair our ability to adequately manage and complete existing projects and to accept new client engagements. Such inability may also force us to increase our hiring of independent contractors, which may increase our costs and reduce our profitability on client engagements. We must also devote substantial managerial and financial resources to monitoring and managing our workforce. Our future success will depend on our ability to manage the levels and related costs of our workforce.

 

In the event we are unable to attract, hire and retain the requisite personnel and subcontractors, we may experience delays in completing contracts in accordance with project schedules and budgets, which may have an adverse effect on our financial results, harm our reputation and cause us to curtail our pursuit of new contracts. Further, any increase in demand for personnel may result in higher costs, causing us to exceed the budget on a contract, which in turn may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results and harm our relationships with our customers.

 

Any future acquisitions that we may make could disrupt our business, cause dilution to our stockholders and harm our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

If we are successful in consummating acquisitions, those acquisitions could subject us to a number of risks, including, but not limited to:

 

  the purchase price we pay and/or unanticipated costs could significantly deplete our cash reserves or result in dilution to our existing stockholders;  
     
  we may find that the acquired company or technologies do not improve our market position as planned;  

 

  we may have difficulty integrating the operations and personnel of the acquired company, as the combined operations will place significant demands on the Company’s management, technical, financial and other resources;
     
  key personnel and customers of the acquired company may terminate their relationships with the acquired company as a result of the acquisition;
     
  we may experience additional financial and accounting challenges and complexities in areas such as tax planning and financial reporting;
     

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  we may assume or be held liable for risks and liabilities (including environmental-related costs) as a result of our acquisitions, some of which we may not be able to discover during our due diligence investigation or adequately adjust for in our acquisition arrangements;
     
  our ongoing business and management’s attention may be disrupted or diverted by transition or integration issues and the complexity of managing geographically or culturally diverse enterprises;
     
  we may incur one-time write-offs or restructuring charges in connection with the acquisition;
     
  we may acquire goodwill and other intangible assets that are subject to amortization or impairment tests, which could result in future charges to earnings; and
     
  we may not be able to realize the cost savings or other financial benefits we anticipated.

  

We cannot assure you that, following any acquisition, our continued business will achieve sales levels, profitability, efficiencies or synergies that justify the acquisition or that the acquisition will result in increased earnings for us in any future period. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

Insurance and contractual protections may not always cover lost revenue, increased expenses or liquidated damages payments, which could adversely affect our financial results.

 

Although we maintain insurance and intend to obtain warranties from suppliers, obligate subcontractors to meet certain performance levels and attempt, where feasible, to pass risks we cannot control to our customers, the proceeds of such insurance or the warranties, performance guarantees or risk sharing arrangements may not be adequate to cover lost revenue, increased expenses or liquidated damages payments that may be required in the future.

 

Our obligations to our current lender are secured by a security interest in substantially all of our assets, so if we default on those obligations, the lender could foreclose on, liquidate and/or take possession of our assets. If that were to happen, we could be forced to curtail, or even to cease, our operations.

 

We entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with GemCap Lending I, LLC, or GemCap, dated as of November 14, 2016. Under the terms of the Loan Agreement, and subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions to funding, GemCap has agreed to make revolving credit loans to us provided that in no event can the aggregate amount of the revolving credit loans outstanding at any time exceed $10 million (subject to certain conditions). As of December 31, 2016, we had $6.7 million in outstanding revolving credit loans. All amounts due under the Loan Agreement upon funding are secured by our assets. As a result, if we default under our obligations under the Loan Agreement, GemCap could foreclose on its security interest and liquidate or take possession of some or all of these assets, which would harm our business, financial condition and results of operations and could require us to curtail, or even to cease, operations.

 

GemCap has certain rights upon an event of default under the Loan Agreement that could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations and could require us to curtail or cease or operations.

 

GemCap has certain rights upon an event of default. Such rights include an increase in the interest rate on any advances made pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the right to accelerate the payment of any outstanding advances made pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the right to directly receive payments made by account debtors and the right to foreclose on our assets, among other rights. The Loan Agreement includes in its definition of an event of default the failure to pay any principal when due within two business days, the termination, winding up, liquidation or dissolution of borrower, the filing of a tax lien by a governmental agency against borrower, and any reduction in ownership of its wholly owned subsidiaries Inpixon USA and Inpixon Federal.

 

The exercise of any of these rights upon an event of default could substantially harm our financial condition and force us to curtail, or even to cease, our operations.

 

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If we are unable to comply with certain financial and operating restrictions required by the Loan Agreement with GemCap, we may be limited in our business activities and access to credit or may default under the Loan Agreement.

 

Provisions in the Loan Agreement with GemCap impose restrictions or require prior approval on our ability, and the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to, among other things:

 

  sell, lease, transfer, convey, or otherwise dispose of any or all of our assets or collateral, except in the ordinary course of business; 
     
  make any loans to any Person, as that term is defined in the Loan Agreement, with the exception of employee loans made in the ordinary course of business; 
     
  declare or pay cash dividends, make any distribution on, redeem, retire or otherwise acquire directly or indirectly, any of its Equity Interests, as defined in the Loan Agreement; 
     
  guarantee the indebtedness of any Person; 

 

  compromise, settle or adjust any claims in any amount relating to any of the collateral;

 

  incur, create or permit to exist any lien on any of our property or assets; 
     
  engage in new lines of business; 
     
  change, alter or modify, or permit any change, alteration or modification of our organizational documents in any manner that might adversely affect GemCap’s rights; 
     
  sell, assign, transfer, discount or otherwise dispose of any accounts or any promissory note payable to us, with or without recourse;
     
  incur, create, assume, or permit to exist, any indebtedness or liability on account of either borrowed money or the deferred purchase price of property; and
     
  make any payments of cash or other property to any affiliate.

 

The Loan Agreement also contains other customary covenants. We may not be able to comply with these covenants in the future. Our failure to comply with these covenants may result in the declaration of an event of default and cause us to be unable to borrow under the Loan Agreement. In addition to preventing additional borrowings under the Loan Agreement, an event of default, if not cured or waived, may result in the acceleration of the maturity of indebtedness outstanding under the Loan Agreement, which would require us to pay all amounts outstanding.  If the maturity of our indebtedness is accelerated, we may not have sufficient funds available for repayment or we may not have the ability to borrow or obtain sufficient funds to replace the accelerated indebtedness on terms acceptable to us or at all.  Our failure to repay the indebtedness would result in the GemCap foreclosing on all or a portion of our assets and force us to curtail, or even to cease, our operations.

 

We may be subject to damages resulting from claims that the Company or our employees have wrongfully used or disclosed alleged trade secrets of their former employers.

 

Upon completion of any acquisitions by the Company, we may be subject to claims that our acquired companies and their employees may have inadvertently or otherwise used or disclosed trade secrets or other proprietary information of former employers or competitors.  Litigation may be necessary to defend against these claims.  Even if we are successful in defending against these claims, litigation could result in substantial costs and be a distraction to management.  If we fail in defending such claims, in addition to paying money claims, we may lose valuable intellectual property rights or personnel.  A loss of key research personnel or their work product could hamper or prevent our ability to commercialize certain products, which could severely harm our business.

 

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The loss of our Chief Executive Officer or other key personnel may adversely affect our operations.

 

The Company’s success depends to a significant extent upon the operation, experience, and continued services of certain of its officers, including our CEO, as well as other key personnel. While our CEO and key personnel are employed under employment contracts, there is no assurance we will be able to retain their services. The loss of our CEO or several of the other key personnel could have an adverse effect on the Company. If our CEO or other executive officers were to leave we would face substantial difficulty in hiring a qualified successor and could experience a loss in productivity while any successor obtains the necessary training and experience. Furthermore, we do not maintain “key person” life insurance on the lives of any executive officer and their death or incapacity would have a material adverse effect on us. The competition for qualified personnel is intense, and the loss of services of certain key personnel could adversely affect our business.

 

Internal system or service failures could disrupt our business and impair our ability to effectively provide our services and products to our customers, which could damage our reputation and adversely affect our revenues and profitability.

 

Any system or service disruptions, on our hosted Cloud infrastructure or those caused by ongoing projects to improve our information technology systems and the delivery of services, if not anticipated and appropriately mitigated, could have a material adverse effect on our business including, among other things, an adverse effect on our ability to bill our customers for work performed on our contracts, collect the amounts that have been billed and produce accurate financial statements in a timely manner. We are also subject to systems failures, including network, software or hardware failures, whether caused by us, third-party service providers, cyber security threats, natural disasters, power shortages, terrorist attacks or other events, which could cause loss of data and interruptions or delays in our business, cause us to incur remediation costs, subject us to claims and damage our reputation. In addition, the failure or disruption of our communications or utilities could cause us to interrupt or suspend our operations or otherwise adversely affect our business. Our property and business interruption insurance may be inadequate to compensate us for all losses that may occur as a result of any system or operational failure or disruption and, as a result, our future results could be adversely affected.

 

Customer systems failures could damage our reputation and adversely affect our revenues and profitability.

 

Many of the systems and networks that we develop, install and maintain for our customers on premise or host on our infrastructure involve managing and protecting personal information and information relating to national security and other sensitive government functions. While we have programs designed to comply with relevant privacy and security laws and restrictions, if a system or network that we develop, install or maintain were to fail or experience a security breach or service interruption, whether caused by us, third-party service providers, cyber security threats or other events, we may experience loss of revenue, remediation costs or face claims for damages or contract termination. Any such event could cause serious harm to our reputation and prevent us from having access to or being eligible for further work on such systems and networks. Our errors and omissions liability insurance may be inadequate to compensate us for all of the damages that we may incur and, as a result, our future results could be adversely affected.

 

Our financial performance could be adversely affected by decreases in spending on technology products and services by our public sector customers.

 

Our sales to our public sector customers are impacted by government spending policies, budget priorities and revenue levels. Although our sales to federal, state and local government are diversified across multiple agencies and departments, they collectively accounted for approximately 13% and 12% of 2016 and 2015 net sales, respectively. An adverse change in government spending policies (including budget cuts at the federal level), budget priorities or revenue levels could cause our public sector customers to reduce their purchases or to terminate or not renew their contracts with us, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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Our business could be adversely affected by the loss of certain vendor partner relationships and the availability of their products.

 

We purchase products for resale from vendor partners, which include OEMs, software publishers, and wholesale distributors. For the year ended December 31, 2016, approximately 73% of our revenue was from purchases from vendor partners as defined above. We are authorized by vendor partners to sell all or some of their products via direct marketing activities. Our authorization with each vendor partner is subject to specific terms and conditions regarding such things as sales channel restrictions, product return privileges, price protection policies and purchase discounts.  In the event we were to lose one of our significant vendor partners, our business could be adversely affected.

 

We have entered, and expect to continue to enter, into joint venture, teaming and other arrangements, and these activities involve risks and uncertainties.  A failure of any such relationship could have material adverse results on our business and results of operations.

 

We have entered, and expect to continue to enter, into joint venture, teaming and other arrangements. These activities involve risks and uncertainties, including the risk of the joint venture or applicable entity failing to satisfy its obligations, which may result in certain liabilities to us for guarantees and other commitments, the challenges in achieving strategic objectives and expected benefits of the business arrangement, the risk of conflicts arising between us and our partners and the difficulty of managing and resolving such conflicts, and the difficulty of managing or otherwise monitoring such business arrangements. A failure of our business relationships could have material adverse results on our business and results of operations.

 

Our business and operations expose us to numerous legal and regulatory requirements and any violation of these requirements could harm our business.

 

We are subject to numerous federal, state and foreign legal requirements on matters as diverse as data privacy and protection, employment and labor relations, immigration, taxation, anticorruption, import/export controls, trade restrictions, internal and disclosure control obligations, securities regulation and anti-competition. Compliance with diverse and changing legal requirements is costly, time-consuming and requires significant resources.  We are also focused on expanding our business in certain identified growth areas, such as health information technology, energy and environment, which are highly regulated and may expose us to increased compliance risk. Violations of one or more of these diverse legal requirements in the conduct of our business could result in significant fines and other damages, criminal sanctions against us or our officers, prohibitions on doing business and damage to our reputation. Violations of these regulations or contractual obligations related to regulatory compliance in connection with the performance of customer contracts could also result in liability for significant monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity and other reputational damage, restrictions on our ability to compete for certain work and allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual obligations.

 

If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property rights, we may experience a loss of revenue and our operations may be materially harmed.

 

We have not registered copyrights on any of the software we have developed. We rely upon confidentiality agreements signed by our employees, consultants and third parties to protect our intellectual property. We cannot assure you that we can adequately protect our intellectual property or successfully prosecute actual or potential infringement of our intellectual property rights. Also, we cannot assure you that others will not assert rights in, or ownership of, trademarks and other proprietary rights of ours or that we will be able to successfully resolve these types of conflicts to our satisfaction. Our failure to protect our intellectual property rights may result in a loss of revenue and could materially adversely affect our operations and financial condition.

 

Our performance and ability to compete are dependent to a significant degree on our proprietary technology. Our proprietary software is protected by common law copyright laws, as opposed to registration under copyright statutes.  Common law protection may be narrower than that which we could obtain under registered copyrights.  As a result, we may experience difficulty in enforcing our copyrights against certain third party infringements.  As part of our confidentiality-protection procedures, we generally enter into agreements with our employees and consultants and limit access to, and distribution of, our software, documentation and other proprietary information.  There can be no assurance that the steps we have taken will prevent misappropriation of our technology or that agreements entered into for that purpose will be enforceable.  The laws of other countries may afford us little or no protection of our intellectual property.  We also rely on a variety of technology that we license from third parties.  There can be no assurance that these third party technology licenses will continue to be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The loss of or inability to maintain or obtain upgrades to any of these technology licenses could result in delays in completing software enhancements and new development until equivalent technology could be identified, licensed or developed and integrated.  Any such delays would materially and adversely affect our business.

 

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The growth of our business is dependent on increasing sales to our existing clients and obtaining new clients, which, if unsuccessful, could limit our financial performance.

 

Our ability to increase revenues from existing clients by identifying additional opportunities to sell more of our products and services and our ability to obtain new clients depends on a number of factors, including our ability to offer high quality products and services at competitive prices, the strength of our competitors and the capabilities of our sales and marketing departments. If we are not able to continue to increase sales of our products and services to existing clients or to obtain new clients in the future, we may not be able to increase our revenues and could suffer a decrease in revenues as well.

 

Our business depends on the continued growth of the market for IT products and services, which is uncertain.

 

The storage and computing and professional services segments of our business include IT products and services solutions that are designed to address the growing markets for on and off-premises services (including migrations, consolidations, Cloud computing and disaster recovery), technology integration services (including storage and data protection services and the implementation of virtualization solutions) and managed services (including operational support and client support). These markets are continuously changing. Competing technologies and services, reduction in technology refreshes or reductions in corporate spending may reduce the demand for our products and services.

 

Decreases, or slow growth, in the newspaper publishing industry may negatively impact our results from operation as it relates to our Cloud based applications and analytics for media and publishing.

 

The newspaper industry as a whole is experiencing challenges to maintain and grow print circulation and revenues. This results from, among other factors, increased competition from other media, particularly the growth of electronic media, and shifting preferences among some consumers to receive all or a portion of their news other than from a newspaper. The customer base for our Cloud based applications and analytics for media and publishing is focused on the newspaper publishing industry and therefore sales from this operating sector will be subject to the future of the newspaper industry.

 

Our competitiveness depends significantly on our ability to keep pace with the rapid changes in IT. Failure by us to anticipate and meet our clients’ technological needs could adversely affect our competitiveness and growth prospects.

 

We operate and compete in an industry characterized by rapid technological innovation, changing client needs, evolving industry standards and frequent introductions of new products, product enhancements, services and distribution methods. Our success depends on our ability to develop expertise with these new products, product enhancements, services and distribution methods and to implement IT solutions that anticipate and respond to rapid changes in technology, the IT industry, and client needs. The introduction of new products, product enhancements and distribution methods could decrease demand for current products or render them obsolete. Sales of products and services can be dependent on demand for specific product categories, and any change in demand for or supply of such products could have a material adverse effect on our net sales if we fail to adapt to such changes in a timely manner.

 

We operate in a highly competitive market and we may be required to reduce the prices for some of our products and services to remain competitive, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Our industry is developing rapidly and related technology trends are constantly evolving. In this environment, we face significant price competition from our competitors. We may be unable to offset the effect of declining average sales prices through increased sales volumes and/or reductions in our costs. Furthermore, we may be forced to reduce the prices of the products and services we sell in response to offerings made by our competitors. Finally, we may not be able to maintain the level of bargaining power that we have enjoyed in the past when negotiating the prices of our services.

 

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We face substantial competition from other national, multi-regional, regional and local value-added resellers and IT service providers, some of which may have greater financial and other resources than we do or that may have more fully developed business relationships with clients or prospective clients than we do. Many of our competitors compete principally on the basis of price and may have lower costs or accept lower selling prices than we do and, therefore, we may need to reduce our prices. In addition, manufacturers may choose to market their products directly to end-users, rather than through IT solutions providers such as us, and this could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our profitability is dependent on the rates we are able to charge for our products and services. The rates we are able to charge for our products and services are affected by a number of factors, including:

 

  our clients’ perceptions of our ability to add value through our services;
     
  introduction of new services or products by us or our competitors;
     
  our competitors’ pricing policies;
     
  our ability to charge higher prices where market demand or the value of our services justifies it;
     
  procurement practices of our clients; and
     
  general economic and political conditions.

 

If we are not able to maintain favorable pricing for our products and services, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

Sales of our IT products and services are subject to quarterly and seasonal variations that may cause significant fluctuations in our operating results, therefore period-to-period comparisons of our operating results may not be reliable predictors of future performance.

 

The timing of our revenues can be difficult to predict. Our sales efforts involve educating our clients about the use and benefit of the products we sell and our services and solutions, including their technical capabilities and potential cost savings to an organization. Clients typically undertake a significant evaluation process that has in the past resulted in a lengthy sales cycle, which typically lasts several months, and may last a year or longer. We spend substantial time, effort and money on our sales efforts without any assurance that our efforts will produce any sales during a given period.

 

In addition, many of our clients spend a substantial portion of their IT budgets in the second half of the year. Other factors that may cause our quarterly operating results to fluctuate include changes in general economic conditions and the impact of unforeseen events. We believe that our revenues will continue to be affected in the future by cyclical trends. As a result, you may not be able to rely on period-to-period comparisons of our operating results as an indication of our future performance.

 

A delay in the completion of our clients’ budget processes could delay purchases of our products and services and have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

We rely on our clients to purchase products and services from us to maintain and increase our earnings, and client purchases are frequently subject to budget constraints, multiple approvals and unplanned administrative, processing and other delays. If sales expected from a specific client are not realized when anticipated or at all, our results could fall short of public expectations and our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

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The profit margins from our IT products and services depend, in part, on the volume of products and services sold.  A failure to achieve increases in our profit margins in the future could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Given the significant levels of competition that characterize the IT reseller market, it is unlikely that we will be able to increase gross profit margins through increases in sales of IT products alone. Any increase in gross profit margins from this operating sector in the future will depend, in part, on the growth of our higher margin businesses such as IT consulting and professional services. In addition, low margins increase the sensitivity of our results of operations to increases in costs of financing. Any failure by us to maintain or increase our gross profit margins could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Any failures or interruptions in our services or systems could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations.

 

Our success depends in part on our ability to provide reliable remote services, technology integration and managed services to our clients.  The operations of our IT products and services as well as our Cloud based applications and analytics are susceptible to damage or interruption from human error, fire, flood, power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks and similar events. We could also experience failures or interruptions of our systems and services, or other problems in connection with our operations, as a result of:

 

  damage to or failure of our computer software or hardware or our connections;
     
  errors in the processing of data by our systems;
     
  computer viruses or software defects;
     
  physical or electronic break-ins, sabotage, intentional acts of vandalism and similar events;
     
  increased capacity demands or changes in systems requirements of our clients; and
     
  errors by our employees or third-party service providers.

 

Any interruptions in our systems or services could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations. While we maintain disaster recovery plans and insurance with coverage we believe to be adequate, claims may exceed insurance coverage limits, may not be covered by insurance or insurance may not continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms.

 

Some of our services and solutions involve storing and replicating mission-critical data for our clients and are highly technical in nature. If client data is lost or corrupted, our reputation and business could be harmed.

 

Our IT data center and technology integration services and Software-as-a-Service solutions include storing and replicating mission-critical data for our clients. The process of storing and replicating that data within their data centers or at our facilities is highly technical and complex. If any data is lost or corrupted in connection with the use of our products and services, our reputation could be seriously harmed and market acceptance of our IT solutions could suffer. In addition, our solutions have contained, and may in the future contain, undetected errors, defects or security vulnerabilities. Some errors in our solutions may only be discovered after a solution has been in use by clients. Any errors, defects or security vulnerabilities discovered in our solutions after use by clients could result in loss of revenues, loss of clients, increased service and warranty cost and diversion of attention of our management and technical personnel, any of which could significantly harm our business. In addition, we could face claims for product liability, tort or breach of warranty. Defending a lawsuit, regardless of its merit, is costly and may divert management’s attention and adversely affect the market’s perception of us and our service offerings and solutions.

 

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We do not have long-term recurring revenue generating contracts with our clients that utilize our IT products and services, and such clients may cease providing new purchase orders at any time or reduce the amount of purchases they make that would depress the revenues we receive from our IT products and services and harm our results of operations.

 

Our operations depend upon our relationships with our clients. Revenues from out IT products and services are typically driven by purchase orders received every month. The majority of revenues from our IT products and services come from one time purchase orders that do not guarantee any future recurring revenues.  Approximately 24% of such revenues are recurring and based on contracts that range from 1-5 years for warranty and maintenance support.  For these contracts the customer is invoiced one time and pays up front for the full term of the warranty and maintenance contract. Revenue from these contracts is determinable ratably over the contract period with the unearned revenue recorded as deferred revenue and amortized over the contract period. Clients with these type of contacts may cease providing new purchase orders at any time, may elect not to renew such contracts, cancel and request a refund of maintenance/warranty services that have not yet been provided (upon 30 days advance written notice) or reschedule purchases. If clients cease providing us with new purchase orders, diminish the services purchased from us, cancel executed purchase orders or delay future purchase orders, revenues received from the sale of our IT products and services would be negatively impacted, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. There is no guarantee that we will be able to retain or generate future revenue from our existing clients or develop relationships with new clients.

 

We rely on a limited number of key customers, the importance of which may vary dramatically from year to year, and a loss of one or more of these key customers may adversely affect our operating results.

 

Our top three customers accounted for approximately 40% and 41% of our gross revenue during the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. One customer accounted for 28% of our gross revenue in 2016, and this customer may or may not continue to be a significant contributor to revenue in 2017. The loss of a significant amount of business from one of our major customers would materially and adversely affect our results of operations until such time, if ever, as we are able to replace the lost business. Significant clients or projects in any one period may not continue to be significant clients or projects in other periods. To the extent that we are dependent on any single customer, we are subject to the risks faced by that customer to the extent that such risks impede the customer's ability to stay in business and make timely payments to us.

 

Consolidation in the industries that we serve or from which we purchase could adversely affect our business.

 

Some of the clients we serve may seek to achieve economies of scale by combining with or acquiring other companies. If two or more of our current clients combine their operations, it may decrease the amount of work that we perform for these clients. If one of our current clients merges or consolidates with a company that relies on another provider for its consulting, systems integration and technology, or outsourcing services, we may lose work from that client or lose the opportunity to gain additional work. If two or more of our suppliers merge or consolidate operations, the increased market power of the larger company could also increase our product costs and place competitive pressures on us. Any of these possible results of industry consolidation could adversely affect our business.

 

The loss of any key manufacturer or distributor relationships, or related industry certifications, could have an adverse effect on our business.

 

As part of our end-to-end IT solutions, we are authorized resellers of the products and services of leading IT manufacturers and distributors. In many cases, we have achieved the highest level of relationship the manufacturer or distributor offers. In addition, our employees hold certifications issued by these manufacturers and by industry associations relating to the configuration, installation and servicing of these products. We differentiate ourselves from our competitors by the range of manufacturers and distributors we represent, the relationship level we have achieved with these manufacturers and distributors and the scope of the manufacturer and industry certifications our employees hold. There can be no assurance that we will be able to retain these relationships with our manufacturers and distributors, that we will be able to retain the employees holding these manufacturer and industry certifications, or that our employees will maintain their manufacturer or industry certifications. The loss of any of these relationships or certifications could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

We may experience a reduction in the incentive programs offered to us by our vendors.  Any such reduction could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We receive payments and credits from vendors, including consideration pursuant to volume sales incentive programs and marketing development funding programs. These programs are usually of finite terms and may not be renewed or may be changed in a way that has an adverse effect on us. Vendor funding is used to offset, among other things, inventory costs, cost of goods sold, marketing costs and other operating expenses. Certain of these funds are based on our volume of net sales or purchases, growth rate of net sales or purchases and marketing programs. If we do not grow our net sales or if we are not in compliance with the terms of these programs, there could be a material negative effect on the amount of incentives offered or paid to us by vendors. No assurance can be given that we will continue to receive such incentives or that we will be able to collect outstanding amounts relating to these incentives in a timely manner, or at all. Any sizeable reduction in, the discontinuance of, or a significant delay in receiving or the inability to collect such incentives, particularly related to incentive programs with one of our largest partners, Hewlett-Packard Company, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. If we are unable to react timely to any fundamental changes in the programs of vendors, including the elimination of funding for some of the activities for which we have been compensated in the past, such changes would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

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We may need additional cash financing and any failure to obtain cash financing, could limit our ability to grow our business and develop or enhance our service offerings to respond to market demand or competitive challenges.

 

We expect that we will need to raise funds in order to continue our operations and implement our plans to grow our business. However, if we decide to seek additional capital, we may be unable to obtain financing on terms that are acceptable to us or at all. If we are unable to raise the required cash, our ability to grow our business and develop or enhance our service offerings to respond to market demand or competitive challenges could be limited.

 

We rely on inventory financing and vendor credit arrangements for our daily working capital and certain operational functions, the loss of which could have a material adverse effect on our future results.

 

We rely on inventory financing and vendor financing arrangements for daily working capital and to fund equipment purchases for our technology sales business. The loss of any of our inventory financing or vendor credit financing arrangements, a reduction in the amount of credit granted to us by our vendors, or a change in any of the material terms of these arrangements could increase our need for and the cost of working capital and have a material adverse effect on our future results. These credit arrangements are discretionary on the part of our creditors and require the performance of certain operational covenants. There can be no assurance that we will continue to meet those covenants and failure to do so may limit availability of, or cause us to lose, such financing. There can be no assurance that such financing will continue to be available to us in the future on acceptable terms.

 

If we cannot collect our receivables or if payment is delayed, our business may be adversely affected by our inability to generate cash flow, provide working capital or continue our business operations.

 

Our business depends on our ability to successfully obtain payment from our clients of the amounts they owe us for products received from us and any work performed by us. The timely collection of our receivables allows us to generate cash flow, provide working capital and continue our business operations. Our clients may fail to pay or delay the payment of invoices for a number of reasons, including financial difficulties resulting from macroeconomic conditions, or lack of an approved budget.  An extended delay or default in payment relating to a significant account will have a material and adverse effect on the aging schedule and turnover days of our accounts receivable. If we are unable to timely collect our receivables from our clients for any reason, our business and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

If our location based security and detection and context aware marketing products fail to satisfy customer demands or to achieve increased market acceptance our results of operations, financial condition and growth prospects could be materially adversely affected.

 

The market acceptance of our products, particularly our location based security and detection and context aware marketing products are critical to our continued success. Demand for these products is affected by a number of factors beyond our control, including continued market acceptance, the timing of development and release of new products by competitors, technological change, and growth or decline in the mobile device management market. We expect the proliferation of mobile devices to lead to an increase in the data security demands of our customers, and our products may not be able to scale and perform to meet those demands. If we are unable to continue to meet customer demands or to achieve more widespread market acceptance of these products, our business operations, financial results and growth prospects will be materially and adversely affected.

 

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Our inventory management systems and related supply chain tools may not be able to forecast accurately and effectively manage supply of our products. If we ultimately determine that we have excess supply, we may have to reduce our prices and write-down inventory, which in turn could result in lower gross margins. If actual component usage and product demand are lower than the forecast, losses on manufacturing commitments in excess of forecasted demand may be accrued.

 

Any production interruptions for any reason, such as a natural disaster, epidemic, capacity shortages, or quality problems, at one of our manufacturing partners would negatively affect sales of product lines manufactured by that manufacturing partner and adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

Defects, errors, or vulnerabilities in our location based security and detection products or services or the failure of such products or services to prevent a security breach, could harm our reputation and adversely impact our results of operations.

 

Because our location based security products and services are complex, they have contained and may contain design or manufacturing defects or errors that are not detected until after their commercial release and deployment by customers. Defects may cause such products to be vulnerable to advanced persistent threats (APTs) or security attacks, cause them to fail to help secure information or temporarily interrupt customers’ networking traffic. Because the techniques used by hackers to access sensitive information change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques and provide a solution in time to protect customers’ data. In addition, defects or errors in our subscription updates or products could result in a failure to effectively update customers’ hardware products and thereby leave customers vulnerable to APTs or security attacks.

 

Any defects, errors or vulnerabilities in our products could result in:

 

  Expenditure of significant financial and product development resources in efforts to analyze, correct, eliminate, or work-around errors or defects or to address and eliminate vulnerabilities;
     
  Delayed or lost revenue;
     
  Loss of existing or potential customers or partners;
     
  Increased warranty claims compared with historical experience, or increased cost of servicing warranty claims, either of which would adversely affect gross margins; and
     
  Litigation, regulatory inquiries, or investigations that may be costly and harm our reputation

 

Our Cloud strategy, including our Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Data as a Service (DaaS) offerings, may adversely affect our revenues and profitability.

 

We offer customers a full range of consumption models including the deployment of our products via our Cloud based SaaS, PaaS, IaaS and DaaS offerings. These business models continue to evolve, and we may not be able to compete effectively, generate significant revenues or maintain the profitability of our Cloud offerings. Additionally, the increasing prevalence of Cloud and SaaS delivery models offered by us and our competitors may unfavorably impact the pricing of our on-premises enterprise software offerings and our Cloud offerings, and has a dampening impact on overall demand for our on-premises software product and service offerings, which could reduce our revenues and profitability, at least in the near-term. If we do not successfully execute our Cloud computing strategy or anticipate the Cloud computing needs of our customers, our reputation as a cloud services provider could be harmed and our revenues and profitability could decline.

 

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Our Cloud offerings are generally purchased by customers on a subscription basis and revenues from these offerings are generally recognized ratably over the term of the subscriptions. The deferred revenue that results from sales of our Cloud offerings may prevent any deterioration in sales activity associated with our Cloud offerings from becoming immediately observable in our consolidated statement of operations. This is in contrast to revenues associated with our new software licenses arrangements whereby new software licenses revenues are generally recognized in full at the time of delivery of the related software licenses. We incur certain expenses associated with the infrastructures and marketing of our Cloud offerings in advance of our ability to recognize the revenues associated with these offerings. As customer demand for our Cloud offerings increases, we experience volatility in our reported revenues and operating results due to the differences in timing of revenue recognition between our new software licenses arrangements and Cloud offering arrangements.

 

Our current research and development efforts may not produce successful products or features that result in significant revenue, cost savings or other benefits in the near future.  If we do not realize significant revenue from our research and development efforts, our business and operating results could be adversely affected.

 

Developing products and related enhancements in our field is expensive.   Investments in research and development may not result in significant design improvements, marketable products or features or may result in products that are more expensive than anticipated.  We may not achieve the cost savings or the anticipated performance improvements expected, and we may take longer to generate revenue from products in development, or generate less revenue than expected.

 

Our future plans include significant investments in research and development and related product opportunities. Our management believes that we must continue to dedicate a significant amount of resources to research and development efforts to maintain a competitive position. However, we may not receive significant revenue from these investments in the near future, or these investments may not yield the expected benefits, either of which could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

Misuse of our products could harm our reputation.

 

Our products, particularly our location based security and detection and context aware marketing may be misused by customers or third parties that obtain access to such products. For example, these products could be used to protect information kept by criminals from government agencies. Such use of these products for censorship could result in negative press coverage and negatively affect our reputation.

 

If the general level of advanced attacks declines, or is perceived by current or potential customers to have declined, this could harm our location based security and detection operating segment, and our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.

 

Our location based security and detection operating segment is substantially dependent upon enterprises and governments recognizing that APTs and other security attacks are pervasive and are not effectively prevented by legacy security solutions. High visibility attacks on prominent enterprises and governments have increased market awareness of the problem of APTs and security attacks and help to provide an impetus for enterprises and governments to devote resources to protecting against attacks, such as testing our platform, purchasing it, and broadly deploying it within their organizations. If APTs and other security attacks were to decline, or enterprises or governments perceived that the general level of attacks has declined, our ability to attract new customers and expand its offerings for existing customers could be materially and adversely affected, which would, in turn, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.

 

If our location based security and detection products do not effectively interoperate with our customers’ IT infrastructure, installations could be delayed or cancelled, which would harm our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.

 

Our products must effectively interoperate with our customers’ existing or future IT infrastructure, which often has different specifications, utilizes multiple protocol standards, deploys products from multiple vendors, and contains multiple generations of products that have been added over time. As a result, when problems occur in a company’s infrastructure, it may be difficult to identify the sources of these problems. If we find errors in the existing software or defects in the hardware used in our customers’ infrastructure, we may have to modify its software or hardware so that our products will interoperate with the infrastructure of our customers. In such cases, our products may be unable to provide significant performance improvements for applications deployed in the infrastructure of our customers. These issues could cause longer installation times for our products and could cause order cancellations, either of which would adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.  In addition, other customers may require products to comply with certain security or other certifications and standards.  If our products are late in achieving or fail to achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, or competitors sooner achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, we may be disqualified from selling our products to such customers, or may otherwise be at a competitive disadvantage, either of which would harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

 

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Failure to protect our intellectual property rights could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.

 

The success of our business depends, in part, on our ability to protect proprietary methods and technologies that we develop under patent and other intellectual property laws of the United States so that we can prevent others from using our inventions and proprietary information.  If we or our subsidiaries fail to protect intellectual property rights adequately, competitors might gain access to our technology, and our business might be adversely affected. However, defending our intellectual property rights might entail significant expenses. Any patents issued in the future may not provide us with any competitive advantages, and our patent applications may never be granted. The process of obtaining patent protection is expensive and time-consuming, and we may not be able to prosecute all necessary or desirable patent applications at a reasonable cost or in a timely manner. Even if issued, there can be no assurance that these patents will adequately protect our intellectual property, as the legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of patent and other intellectual property rights are complex and often uncertain.  Our inability to protect our property rights could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.

 

We may not be able to successfully integrate the business and operations of entities that we have acquired or may acquire in the future into our ongoing business operations, which may result in our inability to fully realize the intended benefits of these acquisitions, or may disrupt our current operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and/or results of operations.

 

We continue to integrate the operations of Lilien, AirPatrol, Shoom and LightMiner into Inpixon USA, and Integrio into Inpixon Federal and this process involves complex operational, technological and personnel-related challenges, which are time-consuming and expensive and may disrupt our ongoing business operations.  Furthermore, integration involves a number of risks, including, but not limited to:

 

  difficulties or complications in combining the companies' operations;
     
  differences in controls, procedures and policies, regulatory standards and business cultures among the combined companies;
     
  the diversion of management's attention from our ongoing core business operations;
     
  increased exposure to certain governmental regulations and compliance requirements;
     
  the potential loss of key personnel;
     
  the potential loss of key customers or suppliers who choose not to do business with the combined business;
     
  difficulties or delays in consolidating the acquired companies’ technology platforms, including implementing systems designed to continue to ensure that the Company maintains effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting for the combined company and enable the Company to continue to comply with U.S. GAAP and applicable U.S. securities laws and regulations;
     
  unanticipated costs and other assumed contingent liabilities;
     

  difficulty comparing financial reports due to differing financial and/or internal reporting systems;
     
  making any necessary modifications to internal financial control standards to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder; and/or
     
  possible tax costs or inefficiencies associated with integrating the operations of the combined company.

 

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These factors could cause us to not fully realize the anticipated financial and/or strategic benefits of the acquisitions and the recent reorganization, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

 

Even if we are able to successfully operate the businesses of Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio within Inpixon, we may not be able to realize the revenue and other synergies and growth that we anticipate from these acquisitions and the recent reorganization in the time frame that we currently expect, and the costs of achieving these benefits may be higher than what we currently expect, because of a number of risks, including, but not limited to:

 

  the possibility that the acquisition may not further our business strategy as we expected;
     
  the possibility that we may not be able to expand the reach and customer base for the acquired companies current and future products as expected;
     
  the possibility that the carrying amounts of goodwill and other purchased intangible assets may not be recoverable; and
     

As a result of these risks, the acquisitions and integration may not contribute to our earnings as expected, we may not achieve expected revenue synergies or our return on invested capital targets when expected, or at all, and we may not achieve the other anticipated strategic and financial benefits of the acquisitions and the reorganization.

 

A significant portion of the purchase price for our acquisition of Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio is allocated to goodwill and intangible assets that are subject to periodic impairment evaluations. An impairment loss could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company acquired $4.5 million of goodwill and $5.4 million of intangible assets relating to our acquisition of Lilien, $1.2 million of goodwill and $2.8 million of intangible assets relating to our acquisition of Shoom, $7.4 million of goodwill and $13.3 million of intangible assets relating to our acquisition of AirPatrol, $3.5 million of intangible assets relating to our acquisition of LightMiner and $3.8 million of goodwill and $4.4 million of intangible assets relating to our acquisition of Integrio. As required by current accounting standards, we review intangible assets for impairment either annually or whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.  The risk of impairment to goodwill is higher during the early years following an acquisition. This is because the fair values of these assets align very closely with what we paid to acquire the reporting units to which these assets are assigned. As a result, the difference between the carrying value of the reporting unit and its fair value (typically referred to as “headroom”) is smaller at the time of acquisition.  Until this headroom grows over time, due to business growth or lower carrying value of the reporting unit, a relatively small decrease in reporting unit fair value can trigger impairment charges.  When impairment charges are triggered, they tend to be material due to the size of the assets involved.  Our business would be adversely affected, and impairment of goodwill could be triggered, if any of the following were to occur: higher attrition rates than planned as a result of the competitive environment or our inability to provide products and services that are competitive in the marketplace, lower-than-planned adoption rates by customers, higher-than-expected expense levels to provide services to clients, and changes in our business model that may impact one or more of these variables. During the year ended December 31, 2016 we recorded an impairment charge for goodwill in the amount of $7.4 million.

 

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Our acquisitions may expose us to additional liabilities, and insurance and indemnification coverage may not fully protect us from these liabilities.

 

Upon completion of acquisitions, we may be exposed to unknown or contingent liabilities associated with the acquired entity, and if these liabilities exceed our estimates, our results of operations and financial condition may be materially and negatively affected.  

 

The risks arising with respect to the historic business and operations of Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio may be different from what we anticipate, which could significantly increase the costs and decrease the benefits of the acquisition and materially and adversely affect our operations going forward.

 

Although we performed significant financial, legal, technological and business due diligence with respect to Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol LightMiner and Integrio, we may not have appreciated, understood or fully anticipated the extent of the risks associated with the acquisitions.  As mentioned above, we have secured indemnification for certain matters from the former equity holders of Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol and Integrio in order to mitigate the consequences of breaches of representations, warranties and covenants under the merger agreements and the risks associated with historic operations, including those with respect to compliance with laws, accuracy of financial statements, financial reporting controls and procedures, tax matters and undisclosed liabilities, and certain matters known to us. We believe that the indemnification provisions of the merger agreements, together with the holdback escrow (in the case of AirPatrol, Shoom and LightMiner) and insurance policies that we and Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol (which all merged into Inpixon USA) and Integrio have in place will limit the economic consequences of the issues we have identified in our due diligence to acceptable levels. Notwithstanding our exercise of due diligence and risk mitigation strategies, the risks of the acquisition and the costs associated with these risks may be greater than we anticipate. We may not be able to contain or control the costs associated with unanticipated risks or liabilities, which could materially and adversely affect our business, liquidity, capital resources or results of operations.

 

We depend on the U.S. government for a substantial portion of our business and government budget impasses together with changes in government defense spending could have adverse consequences on our financial position, results of operations and business.

 

A substantial portion of our U.S. revenues from our operations have been from and will continue to be from sales and services rendered directly or indirectly to the U.S. Government. Consequently, our revenues are highly dependent on the Government’s demand for computer systems and related services. Our revenues from the U.S. Government largely result from contracts awarded to us under various U.S. Government programs, primarily defense-related programs with the Department of Defense (DoD), as well as a broad range of programs with the FBI, Bureau of Prison, NIH, NASA, Department of Homeland Security, the Intelligence Community and other departments and agencies.  Cost cutting including through consolidation and elimination of duplicative organizations and insurance has become a major initiative for DoD.  The funding of our programs is subject to the overall U.S. Government budget and appropriation decisions and processes which are driven by numerous factors, including geo-political events and macroeconomic conditions.  It is expected that U.S. Government spending on IT will decrease from 6% CAGR during the first decade of the 21st Century to 3%.  (Source:  Market Research Media - U.S. Federal IT Market Forecast 2013-2018).  The overall level of U.S. defense spending increased in recent years for numerous reasons, including increases in funding of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.  However, with the winding down of both wars, defense spending levels are becoming increasingly difficult to predict and are expected to be affected by numerous factors. Such factors include priorities of the Administration and the Congress, and the overall health of the U.S. and world economies and the state of governmental finances.

 

The Budget Control Act of 2011 enacted 10-year discretionary spending caps which are expected to generate over $1 trillion in savings for the U.S. government, a substantial portion of which comes from DoD baseline spending reductions. In addition, the Budget Control Act of 2011 provides for additional automatic spending cuts (referred to as “sequestration”) totaling $1.2 trillion over nine years which were implemented beginning in the U.S. government fiscal year ending September 30, 2013 (GFY13). These reduction targets will further reduce DoD and other federal agency budgets. Although the Office of Management and Budget has provided guidance to agencies on implementing sequestration cuts, there remains much uncertainty about how exactly sequestration cuts will be implemented and the impact those cuts will have on contractors supporting the government. We are not able to predict the impact of future budget cuts, including sequestration, on our Company or our financial results. However, we expect that budgetary constraints and concerns related to the national debt will continue to place downward pressure on DoD spending levels and that implementation of the automatic spending cuts without change will reduce, delay or cancel funding for certain of our contracts - particularly those with unobligated balances - and programs and could adversely impact our operations, financial results and growth prospects.

 

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A significant reduction in defense spending could have long-term consequences for our size and structure. In addition, reduction in government priorities and requirements could impact the funding, or the timing of funding, of our programs, which could negatively impact our results of operations and financial condition.  In addition, we are involved in U.S. government programs, which are classified by the U.S. government and our ability to discuss these programs, including any risks and disputes and claims associated with and our performance under such programs, could be limited due to applicable security restrictions.

 

The U.S. government systems integration business is intensely competitive and we may not be able to win government bids when competing against much larger companies, which could reduce our revenues.

 

Large computer systems integration contracts awarded by the U.S. government are few in number and are awarded through a formal competitive bidding process, including IDIQ, GSA Schedule and other multi-award contracts. Bids are awarded on the basis of price, compliance with technical bidding specifications, technical expertise and, in some cases, demonstrated management ability to perform the contract. There can be no assurance that the Company will win and/or fulfill additional contracts. Moreover, the award of these contracts is subject to protest procedures and there can be no assurance that the Company will prevail in any ensuing legal protest. The Company’s failure to secure a significant dollar volume of U.S. government contracts in the future would adversely affect our Inpixon Federal subsidiary.

 

The U.S. government systems integration business is intensely competitive and subject to rapid change. The Company competes with a large number of systems integrators, hardware and software manufacturers, and other large and diverse companies attempting to enter or expand their presence in the U.S. government market. Many of the existing and potential competitors have greater financial, operating and technological resources than the Company. The competitive environment may require us to make changes in our pricing, services or marketing. The competitive bidding process involves substantial costs and a number of risks, including significant cost and managerial time to prepare bids and proposals for contracts that may not be awarded to us, or that may be awarded, but for which we do not receive meaningful revenues. Accordingly, our success depends on our ability to develop services and products that address changing needs and to provide people and technology needed to deliver these services and products. To remain competitive, we must consistently provide superior service, technology and performance on a cost-effective basis to our customers.  Our response to competition could cause us to expend significant financial and other resources, disrupt our operations, strain relationships with partners, any of which could harm our business and/or financial condition.

 

Inpixon Federal’s financial performance is dependent on our ability to perform on our U.S. government contracts, which are subject to termination for convenience, which could harm our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Inpixon Federal’s financial performance is dependent on our performance under our U.S. government contracts.  With the Integrio acquisition our government contract revenue has increased significantly and could represent more than 50% of this revenue in 2017 and beyond. Government customers have the right to cancel any contract at their convenience. An unanticipated termination of, or reduced purchases under, one of the Company’s major contracts whether due to lack of funding, for convenience or otherwise, or the occurrence of delays, cost overruns and product failures could adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition.  If one of our contracts were terminated for convenience, we would generally be entitled to payments for our allowable costs and would receive some allowance for profit on the work performed. If one of our contracts were terminated for default, we would generally be entitled to payments for our work that has been accepted by the government. A termination arising out of our default could expose us to liability and have a negative impact on our ability to obtain future contracts and orders. Furthermore, on contracts for which we are a subcontractor and not the prime contractor, the U.S. government could terminate the prime contract for convenience or otherwise, irrespective of our performance as a subcontractor.  The termination or cancellation of U.S. government contracts, no matter what the reason, could harm our results of operations and financial condition.

 

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Our failure to comply with a variety of complex procurement rules and regulations could result in our being liable for penalties, including termination of our U.S. government contracts, disqualification from bidding on future U.S. government contracts and suspension or debarment from U.S. government contracting that could adversely affect our financial condition.

 

We must comply with laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration and performance of U.S. government contracts, which affect how we do business with our customers and may impose added costs on our business. U.S. government contracts generally are subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), which sets forth policies, procedures and requirements for the acquisition of goods and services by the U.S. government, department-specific regulations that implement or supplement DFAR, such as the DoD’s Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) and other applicable laws and regulations. We are also subject to the Truth in Negotiations Act, which requires certification and disclosure of cost and pricing data in connection with certain contract negotiations; the Procurement Integrity Act, which regulates access to competitor bid and proposal information and government source selection information, and our ability to provide compensation to certain former government officials; the Civil False Claims Act, which provides for substantial civil penalties for violations, including for submission of a false or fraudulent claim to the U.S. Government for payment or approval; and the U.S. Government Cost Accounting Standards, which impose accounting requirements that govern our right to reimbursement under certain cost-based U.S. government contracts. These regulations impose a broad range of requirements, many of which are unique to government contracting, including various procurement, import and export, security, contract pricing and cost, contract termination and adjustment, and audit requirements. A contractor’s failure to comply with these regulations and requirements could result in reductions to the value of contracts, contract modifications or termination, and the assessment of penalties and fines and lead to suspension or debarment, for cause, from government contracting or subcontracting for a period of time. In addition, government contractors are also subject to routine audits and investigations by U.S. government agencies such as the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) and Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA). These agencies review a contractor’s performance under its contracts, cost structure and compliance with applicable laws, regulations and standards. The DCAA also reviews the adequacy of and a contractor’s compliance with its internal control systems and policies, including the contractor’s purchasing, property, estimating, compensation and management information systems. During the term of any suspension or debarment by any U.S. government agency, contractors can be prohibited from competing for or being awarded contracts by U.S. government agencies. The termination of any of the Company’s significant government contracts or the imposition of fines, damages, suspensions or debarment would adversely affect the Company’s business and financial condition.

 

The U.S. government may adopt new contract rules and regulations or revise its procurement practices in a manner adverse to us at any time.

 

Our industry has experienced, and we expect it will continue to experience, significant changes to business practices as a result of an increased focus on affordability, efficiencies, and recovery of costs, among other items. U.S. government agencies may face restrictions or pressure regarding the type and amount of services that they may obtain from private contractors. Legislation, regulations and initiatives dealing with procurement reform, mitigation of potential conflicts of interest and environmental responsibility or sustainability, as well as any resulting shifts in the buying practices of U.S. government agencies, such as increased usage of fixed price contracts, multiple award contracts and small business set-aside contracts, could have adverse effects on government contractors, including us. Any of these changes could impair our ability to obtain new contracts or renew our existing contracts when those contracts expire and are subject to a renewed bidding process. Any new contracting requirements or procurement methods could be costly or administratively difficult for us to implement and could adversely affect our future revenues, profitability and prospects.

 

We may incur cost overruns as a result of fixed priced government contracts, which would have a negative impact on our operations.

 

Most of our U.S. government contracts are multi-award, multi-year IDIQ task order based contracts, which generally provide for fixed price schedules for products and services, have no pre-set delivery schedules, have very low minimum purchase requirements, are typically competed over among multiple awardees and force us to carry the burden of any cost overruns. Due to their nature, fixed-priced contracts inherently have more risk than cost reimbursable contracts.  If we are unable to control costs or if our initials cost estimates are incorrect, we can lose money on these contracts. In addition, some of our contracts have provisions relating to cost controls and audit rights, and if we fail to meet the terms specified in those contracts, we may not realize their full benefits. Lower earnings caused by cost overruns and cost controls would have a negative impact on our results of operations.  The U.S. government has the right to enter into contract with other suppliers, which may be competitive with the Company’s IDIQ contracts. The Company also performs fixed priced contracts under which the Company agrees to provide specific quantities of products and services over time for a fixed price.  Since the price competition to win both IDIQ and fixed price contracts is intense and the costs of future contract performance cannot be predicted with certainty, there can be no assurance as to the profits, if any, that the Company will realize over the term of such contracts.

 

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Misconduct of employees, subcontractors, agents and business partners could cause us to lose existing contracts or customers and adversely affect our ability to obtain new contracts and customers and could have a significant adverse impact on our business and reputation.

 

Misconduct could include fraud or other improper activities such as falsifying time or other records and violations of laws, including the Anti-Kickback Act. Other examples could include the failure to comply with our policies and procedures or with federal, state or local government procurement regulations, regulations regarding the use and safeguarding of classified or other protected information, legislation regarding the pricing of labor and other costs in government contracts, laws and regulations relating to environmental, health or safety matters, bribery of foreign government officials, import-export control, lobbying or similar activities, and any other applicable laws or regulations. Any data loss or information security lapses resulting in the compromise of personal information or the improper use or disclosure of sensitive or classified information could result in claims, remediation costs, regulatory sanctions against us, loss of current and future contracts and serious harm to our reputation. Although we have implemented policies, procedures and controls to prevent and detect these activities, these precautions may not prevent all misconduct, and as a result, we could face unknown risks or losses. Our failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations or misconduct by any of our employees, subcontractors, agents or business partners could damage our reputation and subject us to fines and penalties, restitution or other damages, loss of security clearance, loss of current and future customer contracts and suspension or debarment from contracting with federal, state or local government agencies, any of which would adversely affect our business, reputation and our future results.

 

We may fail to obtain and maintain necessary security clearances, which may adversely affect our ability to perform on certain U.S. government contracts and depress our potential revenues.

 

Many U.S. government programs require contractors to have security clearances. Depending on the level of required clearance, security clearances can be difficult and time-consuming to obtain. If we or our employees are unable to obtain or retain necessary security clearances, we may not be able to win new business, and our existing clients could terminate their contracts with us or decide not to renew them. To the extent we are not able to obtain and maintain facility security clearances or engage employees with the required security clearances for a particular contract, we may not be able to bid on or win new contracts, or effectively rebid on expiring contracts, as well as lose existing contracts, which may adversely affect our operating results and inhibit the execution of our growth strategy.

 

Our future revenues and growth prospects could be adversely affected by our dependence on other contractors.

 

If other contractors with whom we have contractual relationships either as a prime contractor or subcontractor eliminate or reduce their work with us, or if the U.S. government terminates or reduces these other contractors’ programs, does not award them new contracts or refuses to pay under a contract our financial and business condition may be adversely affected. Companies that do not have access to U.S. government contracts may perform services as our subcontractor and that exposure could enhance such companies’ prospect of securing a future position as a prime U.S. government contractor which could increase competition for future contracts and impair our ability to perform on contracts.

 

We may have disputes with our subcontractors arising from, among other things, the quality and timeliness of work performed by the subcontractor, customer concerns about the subcontractor, our failure to extend existing task orders or issue new task orders under a subcontract, our hiring of a subcontractor’s personnel or the subcontractor’s failure to comply with applicable law. Current uncertain economic conditions heighten the risk of financial stress of our subcontractors, which could adversely impact their ability to meet their contractual requirements to us. If any of our subcontractors fail to timely meet their contractual obligations or have regulatory compliance or other problems, our ability to fulfill our obligations as a prime contractor or higher tier subcontractor may be jeopardized. Significant losses could arise in future periods and subcontractor performance deficiencies could result in our termination for default. A termination for default could eliminate a revenue source, expose us to liability and have an adverse effect on our ability to compete for future contracts and task orders, especially if the customer is an agency of the U.S. government.

 

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Sysorex Arabia is currently without contracts and is unable to repay its indebtedness, which could have an adverse impact on our financial condition.

 

As of December 31, 2016, Sysorex Arabia had minimal cash and its assets are being carried at their estimated realized value of approximately $23,000. Sysorex Arabia had an accumulated deficit balance of approximately $2.1 million. Sysorex Arabia is currently without business. Sysorex Arabia also has aging liabilities due to vendors, employees, social insurance payments, and partners amounting to approximately $2.0 million and owes $946,000 to Inpixon. The failure of Sysorex Arabia’s business resulted primarily from the failure of the OCC Data Center project, which has been cancelled. Sysorex Arabia is working with local suppliers on payment plans.

 

Sysorex Arabia has a judgment in the amount of $800,000 for non-performance by an Inpixon partner. That amount has been paid by the partner and Sysorex Arabia is waiting for the Saudi Courts to release these funds from any claims. Sysorex Arabia has incurred several loans to finance its losses to date and to pay some of its liabilities. In the event that any unsatisfied claims are made against us, as the parent, the claims could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition if not resolved satisfactorily, as Sysorex Arabia is not expected to be able to satisfy its liabilities.

 

The assets and liabilities of Sysorex Arabia are shown as held for sale as our management decided to close Sysorex Arabia and to shift its business activities to resellers and strategic partners in the region.

 

Our international business exposes us to geo-political and economic factors, regulatory requirements and other risks associated with doing business in foreign countries.

 

Our foreign operations pose complex management, foreign currency, legal, tax and economic risks, which we may not adequately address. We have foreign operations in the Middle East and expect to do business in South Asia.  These risks differ from and potentially may be greater than those associated with our domestic business.

 

Our international business is sensitive to changes in the priorities and budgets of international customers and geo-political uncertainties, which may be driven by changes in threat environments and potentially volatile worldwide economic conditions, various regional and local economic and political factors, risks and uncertainties, as well as U.S. foreign policy. Our international sales are subject to U.S. laws, regulations and policies, including the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (see below) and other export laws and regulations. Due to the nature of our products, we must first obtain licenses and authorizations from various U.S. Government agencies before we are permitted to sell our products outside of the U.S. We can give no assurance that we will continue to be successful in obtaining the necessary licenses or authorizations or that certain sales will not be prevented or delayed. Any significant impairment of our ability to sell products outside of the U.S. could negatively impact our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our international sales are also subject to local government laws, regulations and procurement policies and practices which may differ from U.S. government regulations, including regulations relating to import-export control, investments, exchange controls and repatriation of earnings, as well as to varying currency, geo-political and economic risks. Our international contracts may include industrial cooperation agreements requiring specific in-country purchases, manufacturing agreements or financial support obligations, known as offset obligations, and provide for penalties if we fail to meet such requirements. Our international contracts may also be subject to termination at the customer’s convenience or for default based on performance, and may be subject to funding risks. We also are exposed to risks associated with using foreign representatives and consultants for international sales and operations and teaming with international subcontractors, partners and suppliers in connection with international programs.  As a result of these factors, we could experience award and funding delays on international programs and could incur losses on such programs, which could negatively impact our results of operations and financial condition.

 

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We are also subject to a number of other risks including:

 

  the absence in some jurisdictions of effective laws to protect our intellectual property rights; 
     
  multiple and possibly overlapping and conflicting tax laws; 
     
  restrictions on movement of cash; 
     
  the burdens of complying with a variety of national and local laws; 
     
  political instability; 
     
  currency fluctuations; 
     
  longer payment cycles; 
     
  restrictions on the import and export of certain technologies; 
     
  price controls or restrictions on exchange of foreign currencies; and 
     
  trade barriers.

 

Our international operations are subject to special U.S. government laws and regulations, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and regulations and procurement policies and practices, including regulations to import-export control, which may expose us to liability or impair our ability to compete in international markets.

 

Our international operations are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or the FCPA, and other laws that prohibit improper payments or offers of payments to foreign governments and their officials and political parties by U.S. and other business entities for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We have operations and deal with governmental customers in countries known to experience corruption, including certain countries in the Middle East and in the future, the Far East. Our activities in these countries create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of our employees, consultants or contractors that could be in violation of various laws including the FCPA, even though these parties are not always subject to our control. We are also subject to import-export control regulations restricting the use and dissemination of information classified for national security purposes and the export of certain products, services, and technical data, including requirements regarding any applicable licensing of our employees involved in such work.

 

As a U.S. defense contractor we are vulnerable to security threats and other disruptions that could negatively impact our business.

 

As a U.S. defense contractor, we face certain security threats, including threats to our information technology infrastructure, attempts to gain access to our proprietary or classified information, and threats to physical security. These types of events could disrupt our operations, require significant management attention and resources, and could negatively impact our reputation among our customers and the public, which could have a negative impact on our financial condition, results of operations and liquidity.  We are continuously exposed to cyber-attacks and other security threats, including physical break-ins. Any electronic or physical break-in or other security breach or compromise may jeopardize security of information stored or transmitted through our information technology systems and networks. This could lead to disruptions in mission-critical systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information and corruption of data. Although we have implemented policies, procedures and controls to protect against, detect and mitigate these threats, we face advanced and persistent attacks on our information systems and attempts by others to gain unauthorized access to our information technology systems are becoming more sophisticated. These attempts include covertly introducing malware to our computers and networks and impersonating authorized users, among others, and may be perpetrated by well-funded organized crime or state sponsored efforts. We seek to detect and investigate all security incidents and to prevent their occurrence or recurrence. We continue to invest in and improve our threat protection, detection and mitigation policies, procedures and controls. In addition, we work with other companies in the industry and government participants on increased awareness and enhanced protections against cyber security threats. However, because of the evolving nature and sophistication of these security threats, which can be difficult to detect, there can be no assurance that our policies, procedures and controls have or will detect or prevent any of these threats and we cannot predict the full impact of any such past or future incident. We may experience similar security threats to the information and technology systems that we develop, install or maintain under customer contracts. Although we work cooperatively with our customers and other business partners to seek to minimize the impacts of cyber and other security threats, we must rely on the safeguards put in place by those entities. Any remedial costs or other liabilities related to cyber or other security threats may not be fully insured or indemnified by other means. Occurrence of any of these security threats could expose us to claims, contract terminations and damages and could adversely affect our reputation, ability to work on sensitive U.S. Government contracts, business operations and financial results.

 

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Difficult conditions in the global capital markets and the economy generally may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations, and we do not expect these conditions to improve in the near future.

 

Our results of operations are materially affected by conditions in the global capital markets and the economy generally, both in the U.S. and elsewhere around the world.  Weak economic conditions generally, sustained uncertainty about global economic conditions, concerns about future U.S. government budget impasses or a prolonged or further tightening of credit markets could cause our customers and potential customers to postpone or reduce spending on technology products or services or put downward pressure on prices, which could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations or cash flows.  Concerns over inflation, energy costs, geopolitical issues and the availability of credit, in the U.S. have contributed to increased volatility and diminished expectations for the economy and the markets going forward. These factors, combined with volatile oil prices and wavering business and consumer confidence, have precipitated an economic slowdown and a global recession. Domestic and international equity markets have been experiencing heightened volatility and turmoil. These events and the continuing market upheavals may have an adverse effect on our business. In the event of extreme prolonged market events, such as the global economic recovery, we could incur significant losses.

 

Risks Related to Our Securities

 

We are eligible to be treated as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to emerging growth companies will make our common stock less attractive to investors.

 

We are an “emerging growth company”, as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. For as long as we continue to be an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including (1) not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which we refer to as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, (2) reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and (3) exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. In addition, as an emerging growth company, we are only required to provide two years of audited financial statements and two years of selected financial data in this report. We could be an emerging growth company for up to five years, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier, including if the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700.0 million as of any June 30 before that time or if we have total annual gross revenue of $1.0 billion or more during any fiscal year before that time, in which cases we would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31 or, if we issue more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during any three-year period before that time, we would cease to be an emerging growth company immediately. Even after we no longer qualify as an emerging growth company, we may still qualify as a “smaller reporting company” which would allow us to take advantage of many of the same exemptions from disclosure requirements, including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

 

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Our independent registered public accounting firm will not be required to formally attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting until the later of our second annual report or the first annual report required to be filed with the Commission following the date we are no longer an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act. We cannot assure you that there will not be material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal controls in the future.

 

Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies can also delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected not to avail ourselves of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, will be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

 

Our directors and executive officers beneficially own a significant number of shares of our common stock. Their interests may conflict with our outside stockholders, who may be unable to influence management and exercise control over our business.

 

As of the date of this filing, our executive officers and directors beneficially own approximately 16.5% of our shares of common stock on a fully diluted basis.  As a result, our executive officers and directors may be able to:  elect or defeat the election of our directors, amend or prevent amendment to our articles of incorporation or bylaws, effect or prevent a merger, sale of assets or other corporate transaction, and control the outcome of any other matter submitted to the shareholders for vote. Accordingly, our outside stockholders may be unable to influence management and exercise control over our business.

 

We do not intend to pay cash dividends to our stockholders, so it is unlikely that stockholders will receive any return on their investment in our Company prior to selling stock in the Company.

 

We have never paid any dividends to our common stockholders as a public company. We currently intend to retain any future earnings for funding growth and, therefore, do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. If we determine that we will pay cash dividends to the holders of our common stock, we cannot assure that such cash dividends will be paid on a timely basis. The success of your investment in the Company will likely depend entirely upon any future appreciation.  As a result, you will not receive any return on your investment prior to selling your shares in our Company and, for the other reasons discussed in this “Risk Factors” section, you may not receive any return on your investment even when you sell your shares in our Company.

 

Anti-Takeover, Limited Liability and Indemnification Provisions

 

Some provisions of our articles of incorporation and bylaws may deter takeover attempts, which may inhibit a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and limit the opportunity of our stockholders to sell their shares at a favorable price.

 

Under our articles of incorporation, our Board of Directors may issue additional shares of common or preferred stock.  Our Board of Directors has the ability to authorize “blank check” preferred stock without future shareholder approval. This makes it possible for our board of directors to issue preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could impede the success of any attempt to acquire us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, including a transaction in which our stockholders would receive a premium over the market price for their shares and/or any other transaction that might otherwise be deemed to be in their best interests, and thereby protects the continuity of our management and limits an investor’s opportunity to profit by their investment in the Company.  Specifically, if in the due exercise of its fiduciary obligations, the Board of Directors were to determine that a takeover proposal was not in our best interest, shares could be issued by our Board of Directors without stockholder approval in one or more transactions that might prevent or render more difficult or costly the completion of the takeover by:

 

  diluting the voting or other rights of the proposed acquirer or insurgent stockholder group,
     

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  putting a substantial voting bloc in institutional or other hands that might undertake to support the incumbent Board of Directors, or
     
  effecting an acquisition that might complicate or preclude the takeover.

 

Nevada Anti-Takeover Law may discourage acquirers and eliminate a potentially beneficial sale for our stockholders.

 

We are subject to the provisions of Section 78.438 of the Nevada Revised Statutes concerning corporate takeovers.  This section prevents many Nevada corporations from engaging in a business combination with any interested stockholder, under specified circumstances. For these purposes, a business combination includes a merger or sale of more than 5% of our assets, and an interested stockholder includes a stockholder who owns 10% or more of our outstanding voting stock, as well as affiliates and associates of these persons.  Under these provisions, this type of business combination is prohibited for three years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder unless:

 

  the transaction in which the stockholder became an interested stockholder is approved by the Board of Directors prior to the date the interested stockholder attained that status;
     
  on consummation of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder’s becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 90% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction was commenced, excluding those shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers; or
     
  on or subsequent to that date, the business combination is approved by the Board of Directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

 

This statute could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change in control attempts and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire us.

 

Our indemnification of our officers and directors may cause us to use corporate resources to the detriment of our stockholders.

 

Our articles of incorporation eliminate the personal liability of our directors for monetary damages arising from a breach of their fiduciary duty as directors to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law.  This limitation does not affect the availability of equitable remedies, such as injunctive relief or rescission.  Our articles of incorporation require us to indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law, including in circumstances in which indemnification is otherwise discretionary under Nevada law.

 

Under Nevada law, we may indemnify our directors or officers or other persons who were, are or are threatened to be made a named defendant or respondent in a proceeding because the person is or was our director, officer, employee or agent, if we determine that the person:

 

  conducted himself or herself in good faith, reasonably believed, in the case of conduct in his or her official capacity as our director or officer, that his or her conduct was in our best interests, and, in all other cases, that his or her conduct was at least not opposed to our best interests; and
     
  in the case of any criminal proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful.

 

These persons may be indemnified against expenses, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, including excise taxes, and amounts paid in settlement, actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the proceeding.  If the person is found liable to the corporation, no indemnification will be made unless the court in which the action was brought determines that the person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity in an amount that the court will establish.

 

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Insofar as indemnification for liabilities under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us under the above provisions, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

The obligations associated with being a public company require significant resources and management attention, which may divert from our business operations.

 

Following consummation of our initial public offering, we became subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Exchange Act requires that we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other information. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we establish and maintain effective internal controls and procedures for financial reporting.  Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer are required to certify that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that material information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. We will need to hire additional financial reporting, internal controls and other financial personnel in order to enhance appropriate internal controls and reporting procedures.  As a result, we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. Furthermore, the need to establish the corporate infrastructure demanded of a public company may divert management’s attention from implementing our growth strategy, which could prevent us from improving our business, results of operations and financial condition. We have made, and will continue to make, changes to our internal controls and procedures for financial reporting and accounting systems to meet our reporting obligations as a public company. However, the measures we take may not be sufficient to satisfy our obligations as a public company. In addition, we cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we may incur in order to comply with these requirements. We anticipate that these costs will materially increase our selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.  In connection with the implementation of the necessary procedures and practices related to internal control over financial reporting, we may identify deficiencies.  Additionally, in the event we are no longer a smaller reporting company, as defined under the Exchange Act, and we are unable to comply with the internal controls requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, then we may not be able to obtain the independent registered public accountants' certifications required by that act, which may preclude us from keeping our filings with the SEC current, and interfere with the ability of investors to trade our securities and our shares to continue to be listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

If we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or prevent fraud.  Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely impact the trading price of our common stock.

 

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud.  If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed.  With each prospective acquisition we may make we will conduct whatever due diligence is necessary or prudent to assure us that the acquisition target can comply with the internal controls requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.  Notwithstanding our diligence, certain internal controls deficiencies may not be detected.  As a result, any internal control deficiencies may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and access to capital.  We have not performed an in-depth analysis to determine if historical undiscovered failures of internal controls exist, and may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement.

 

Public company compliance may make it more difficult to attract and retain officers and directors.

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules implemented by the SEC have required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. As a public company, these rules and regulations increase our compliance costs and make certain activities more time consuming and costly. As a public company, these rules and regulations may make it more difficult and expensive for us to maintain our director and officer liability insurance and we may be required to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors or as executive officers, and to maintain insurance at reasonable rates, or at all.

 

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Our stock price may be volatile.

 

The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

 

  our ability to execute our business plan and complete prospective acquisitions;
     
  changes in our industry;
     
  competitive pricing pressures;
     
  our ability to obtain working capital financing;
     
  additions or departures of key personnel;
     
  limited “public float” in the hands of a small number of persons whose sales or lack of sales could result in positive or negative pricing pressure on the market price for our common stock;
     
  sales of our common stock (particularly following effectiveness of this registration statement);
     
  operating results that fall below expectations;
     
  regulatory developments;
     
  economic and other external factors;
     
  period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results;
     
  our inability to develop or acquire new or needed technologies;

 

  the public’s response to press releases or other public announcements by us or third parties, including filings with the SEC;
     
  changes in financial estimates or ratings by any securities analysts who follow our common stock, our failure to meet these estimates or failure of those analysts to initiate or maintain coverage of our common stock;
     
  the development and sustainability of an active trading market for our common stock; and
     
  any future sales of our common stock by our officers, directors and significant stockholders.

 

In addition, the securities markets have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Our shares of common stock may be thinly traded, and the price may not reflect our value, and there can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future.

 

Our shares of common stock are thinly traded, our common stock is available to be traded and is held by a small number of holders, and the price may not reflect our actual or perceived value. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future. The market liquidity will be dependent on the perception of our operating business, among other things.  We will take certain steps including utilizing investor awareness campaigns, investor relations firms, press releases, road shows and conferences to increase awareness of our business. Any steps that we might take to bring us to the awareness of investors may require that we compensate consultants with cash and/or stock. There can be no assurance that there will be any awareness generated or the results of any efforts will result in any impact on our trading volume. Consequently, investors may not be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price that reflects the value of the business, and trading may be at an inflated price relative to the performance of the Company due to, among other things, the availability of sellers of our shares. If an active market should develop, the price may be highly volatile. Because there is currently a relatively low per-share price for our common stock, many brokerage firms or clearing firms are not willing to effect transactions in the securities or accept our shares for deposit in an account. Many lending institutions will not permit the use of low priced shares of common stock as collateral for any loans.

 

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Offers or availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.

 

If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market upon the expiration of any statutory holding period under Rule 144, or shares issued upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” and, in anticipation of which, the market price of our common stock could fall. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could make more difficult our ability to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.

 

In general, a non-affiliated person who has held restricted shares for a period of six months, under Rule 144, may sell into the market our common stock all of their shares, subject to the Company being current in its periodic reports filed with the SEC.  As of March 23, 2017, approximately 1,659,183 shares of common stock of the 2,180,559 shares outstanding were free trading.

 

Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales could occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional shares.

 

In addition, as of December 31, 2016, there were 287,417 shares subject to outstanding warrants, 366,859 shares subject to outstanding options (including 41,667 outside of our plan), 18,905 shares accrued for the LightMiner acquisition, 100,000 shares subject to the conversion of the convertible preferred stock and 253,333 shares subject to the conversion of the debenture issued to Hillair Capital Investments L.P., and an additional 125,210 shares reserved for future issuance under our Amended and Restated 2011 Employee Stock Incentive Plan that will become, or have already become, eligible for sale in the public market to the extent permitted by any applicable vesting requirements, the lock-up agreements and Rules 144 and 701 under the Securities Act.

 

If we are unable to satisfy the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Stock Market, our common stock could be delisted and the price and liquidity of our common stock may be adversely affected.

 

Our common stock may lose value and our common stock could be delisted from Nasdaq due to several factors or a combination of factors. To maintain the listing of our common stock on The Nasdaq Stock Market, we are required to meet certain listing requirements. There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our listing.

 

If our common stock is delisted, market liquidity for our common stock could be severely affected and our stockholders’ ability to sell their shares of our common stock could be limited. A delisting of our common stock from NASDAQ would negatively affect the value of our common stock. A delisting of our common stock could also adversely affect our ability to obtain financing for our operations and could result in the loss of confidence in our company.

 

ITEM 1B: UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide this information.

 

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ITEM 2: PROPERTIES

 

The Company’s executive offices consist of approximately 4,377 square feet and are located at 2479 E. Bayshore Road, Suite 195, Palo Alto, CA 94303. In October 2014 the Company entered into a 64-month lease for the facility at a monthly base rent of $14,000. The term of the lease expires January 31, 2020.

 

Inpixon Federal’s offices and warehouse are located at:

 

13800 Coppermine Road, Suite 300, Herndon, VA 20171.  This is a shared office lease with a monthly rental of $182. The lease will expire in July 2017. The Company does not intend to renew this lease.

 

2355 Dulles Corner Blvd., Suite 600, Dulles Corner, Herndon, VA 20171.  The monthly rent is $29,000 for approximately 11,000 square feet of office space.  The lease expires on September 30, 2018. 

 

23020 Eaglewood Court, Sterling, VA 20166.  This is subleased warehouse space for which we pay $3,000 per month.  The sublease expires on July 31, 2018.

 

Inpixon USA’s executive offices are located at:

 

101 Larkspur Landing Circle, Suite 120, Larkspur, CA 94939. The monthly rent is $24,000 for approximately 6,211 square feet of office space under a lease that expires on February 28, 2022.

 

6345 Balboa Boulevard, Suite 247, Encino, CA 91316.  The monthly rent was $10,780 until April 1, 2017 and has been reduced to $6,814 per month with 2.5% escalations on the anniversary dates since April 1, 2017, for approximately 5,986 square feet of office space under a lease that expires on July 31, 2017 with a five-year option to extend. The lease has been extended for an additional 48 months from August 1, 2017 through July 31, 2021.  We will be relocating these operations to Suite 140, which is approximately 3,169 square feet.  We currently pay the landlord a pro rata share of operating costs.  Pursuant to the lease extension agreement, the operating expense calculation will change on April 1, 2017 and be reset to a base year of 2017.

 

8171 Maple Lawn Blvd., Suite 310, Maple Lawn, MD 20759. The monthly rent is $14,000 under a lease that expires on December 31, 2018 with a five-year option to extend.  We pay the landlord a pro rata share of 6.10% for operating costs. The Company has vacated this property and the office space is currently being subleased for $10,767 per month through December 31, 2018. 

 

Inpixon USA’s sales offices are located at:

 

  841 Bishop Street, Suite 2208, Honolulu, HI 96813. The monthly base rent is $1,000 under a lease that expires on August 31, 2017. The Company expects to extend this lease for another year.

 

11235 SE 6th Street, Suite 155, Bellevue, WA 98804. The monthly base rent is $6,000 under a lease that expires on April 30, 2018.

 

  2175 Salk Avenue, Suite 150, Carlsbad, CA 92008. The monthly base rent is $9,000 under a lease that expires on September 14, 2017. The Company does not intend to renew this lease.

 

Inpixon Canada Inc. has an office of approximately 6,656 square feet that is located at 2963 Glen Drive, Suites 405 and 400, Coquitlam, BC V3P 2B7.  The monthly rent under the lease is comprised of $11,600 CAD plus the pro rata share of the operating costs which approximates $8,000 CAD per month. The lease expires on September 30, 2021 with a five-year option to extend.

 

We believe that each of our properties is suitable and adequate for the operations conducted therein.

 

ITEM 3: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

There are no material pending legal proceedings as defined by Item 103 of Regulation S-K, to which we are a party or of which any of our property is the subject, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the Company’s business.

 

There are no proceedings in which any of the directors, officers or affiliates of the Company, or any registered or beneficial holder of more than 5% of the Company’s voting securities, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to that of the Company.

 

ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5: MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock currently trades under the symbol “INPX” on the Nasdaq Capital Market and traded under the symbol “SYRX” prior to the March 1, 2017 name change. The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices on Nasdaq during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. All prices reflect the 1-for-15 reverse stock split effected on March 1, 2017.

 

Period   High     Low  
Year Ended December 31, 2016            
October 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016   $ 11.08     $ 2.40  
July 1, 2016 through September 30, 2016   $ 8.38     $ 4.95  
April 1, 2016 through June 30, 2016   $ 9.60     $ 4.04  
January 1, 2016 through March 31, 2016   $ 10.80     $ 7.03  
                 
Year Ended December 31, 2015                
October 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015   $ 19.50     $ 8.10  
July 1, 2015 through September 30, 2015   $ 30.30     $ 14.85  
April 1, 2015 through June 30, 2015   $ 46.04     $ 15.90  
January 1, 2015 through March 31, 2015   $ 34.50     $ 16.04  

 

Holders of Record

 

According to our transfer agent, as of April 11, 2017 we had approximately 588 shareholders of record. This number does not include an indeterminate number of shareholders whose shares are held by brokers in street name. Our stock transfer agent is Corporate Stock Transfer Inc., 3200 Cherry Creek Drive South, Suite 430, Denver, CO 80209.

 

Dividends

 

We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock, and we currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance the expansion of our business, therefore, we do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The decision whether to pay cash dividends on our common stock will be made by our board of directors, in their discretion, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and other factors that our board of directors considers significant.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

For information required by this item with respect to our equity compensation plan, please see Item 11 of this report.

 

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Recent Issuances of Unregistered Securities

 

On December 19, 2016 the Company issued 3,333 shares of common stock to a consultant under the terms of a consulting services agreement which were fully vested upon date of grant.

 

On December 23, 2016 the Company issued 3,333 shares of common stock to consultants under the terms of a consulting services agreements which were fully vested upon date of grant.

 

The shares were issued in transactions that were exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, which exempts transactions by an issuer not involving any public offering. The Company relied on the representations made by the consultants. No commissions were paid and no underwriter or placement agent was involved in this transactions. Other transactions that took place during the quarter ended December 31, 2016 pursuant to which we issued unregistered securities have been reported on the Current Reports on Form 8-K we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 6: SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide this information.

 

ITEM 7: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis here and throughout this Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, due to a number of factors, including but not limited to, risks described in the section entitled “Risk Factors.”

 

Except where indicated, all share and per share data in this section, as well as the consolidated financial statements, reflect the 1 for 15 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock effected on March 1, 2017.

 

Overview of Our Business

 

We provide a number of different technology products and services to private, public and government entities. Our business operates in four segments, namely mobile, IoT and Big Data products, storage and computing, SaaS revenues, and professional services. Our premier product secures, digitizes and optimizes the interior of any premises with indoor positioning and data analytics that provide rich positional information, similar to a global positioning system, and browser-like intelligence for the indoors. Other products and services that we provide include enterprise computing and storage, virtualization, business continuity, data migration, custom application development, networking and information technology, and business consulting services.

 

Our storage and computing segment revenues are typically driven by purchase orders that are received on a monthly basis. Approximately 36% of the revenues from these storage and computing purchase orders are recurring contracts that range from one to five years for warranty and maintenance support. For these contracts the customer is invoiced one time and pays Inpixon upfront for the full term of the warranty and maintenance contract. Revenue from these contracts is determinable ratably over the contract period with the unearned revenue recorded as deferred revenue and amortized over the contract period. We have a 30-year history and a high repeat customer rate of approximately 55% annually. Our revenues are diversified over hundreds of customers and typically no one customer exceeds 15% of revenues however from time to time a large order from a customer could put it temporarily above 15%. We have one customer that represented approximately 28% of our revenues for the year ending December 31, 2016 but we do not anticipate that this customer will continue to maintain that percentage as our revenues expand across other customers in 2017 especially into the federal government vertical with the Integrio acquisition. Management believes this diversification provides stability to our revenue streams.

 

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Our Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) contracts are typically performed for periods of one or more years and we have a high customer retention rate. Inpixon’s SaaS products include: eTearsheets, invoicing, CRM, and other products and services to approximately 792 newspapers in the Cloud. Cloud or SaaS based analytics is a growing market that Inpixon intends to pursue beyond the media vertical that we are in today.

 

Our mobile, IoT and Big Data sales are expected to grow significantly in 2017; however, sales cycles proved to be longer than we expected in 2016. The long sales cycles result from customer related issues such as budget and procurement processes but also because of the early stages of indoor-locationing technology and the learning curve required for customers to implement such solutions. This is improving with the increased presence and awareness of beacon and wi-fi locationing technologies in the market.

 

Our professional services group provides consulting services ranging from enterprise architecture design to custom application development to data modeling. We offer a full scope of information technology development and implementation services with expertise in a broad range of IT practices including project design and management, systems integration, outsourcing, independent validation and verification, cyber security and more.

 

Inpixon has many key vendor, technology, wholesale distribution and strategic partner relationships. These relationships are critical for us to deliver solutions to our customers. We have a variety of vendors and also products that we provide to our customers, and most of these products are purchased through the distribution partners. We also have joint venture partnerships and teaming agreements with various technology and service providers for this segment as well as our other business segments. These relationships range from joint-selling activities to product integration efforts.

 

In addition our business is required to meet certain regulatory requirements. The federal government agencies who are our customers in particular have a range of regulatory requirements including ITAR certifications, DCAA compliancy in our government contracts and other technical or security clearance requirements as may be required from time to time.

 

We experienced a net loss of $27.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. We cannot assure that we will ever earn revenues sufficient to support our operations, or that we will ever be profitable. In order to continue our operations, we have supplemented the revenues we earned with proceeds from the sale of our equity and debt securities and proceeds from loans and bank credit lines. Furthermore, except as discussed in this report, we have no committed source of financing and we cannot assure that we will be able to raise money as and when we need it to continue our operations. If we cannot raise funds as and when we need them, we may be required to scale back our business operations by reducing expenditures for employees, consultants, business development and marketing efforts, selling assets or one or more segments of our business, or otherwise severely curtailing our operations.

 

Recent Events 

 

September 2015 Public Offering

 

On September 25, 2015, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with B. Riley & Co., LLC, as representative of the several underwriters named therein (the “Underwriters”), relating to the issuance and sale of 350,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share. The price to the public in this offering was $15.00 per share. Under the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also granted the Underwriters an option, exercisable for 30 days from the closing date, to purchase up to an additional 52,500 shares at the public offering price. The offering was made pursuant to the Company’s registration statement on Form S-3 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and declared effective May 28, 2015 and a related prospectus supplement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

The offering closed September 30, 2015. After deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses, the net proceeds from the offering were approximately $4.7 million. The net proceeds from the offering were used for general corporate purposes, which included business development activities, capital expenditures, working capital and general and administrative expenses.

 

August 2016 Sale of Securities

 

On August 9, 2016, the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement with Hillair Capital Investments L.P. pursuant to which it issued and sold (i) an 8% Original Issue Discount Senior Convertible Debenture in an aggregate principal amount of $5,700,000 due on August 9, 2018 and (ii) 2,250 shares of newly created Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $5,000,000.

 

The debenture is due on August 9, 2018 and interest is payable quarterly on February 9, May 9, August 9 and November 9, commencing on May 9, 2017, as well as the dates on which principal payments are made, as described in the agreement in cash, or upon notice to the holder and compliance with certain equity conditions as set forth in the agreement in shares of the Company’s common stock. Subject to certain equity conditions, the Company has the option to redeem the debenture before its maturity by payment in cash of 120% or 110% (depending on the timing of the redemption) of the then outstanding principal amount plus accrued interest and other charges. The Company is required to redeem 25% of the initial principal amount of the debenture plus accrued unpaid interest and other charges in November 2017, February 2018, May 2018, and August 2018.

 

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The debenture is convertible into common stock at any time at the option of the holder at a conversion price of $22.50 per share, subject to adjustments provided in the agreement. In addition, under the terms of the agreement if, at any time following the six month anniversary of the original issue date or, in the event the Company sells or grants any option to purchase or sells or grants any right to reprice, or otherwise disposes of or issues any shares of common stock or common stock equivalents at an effective price per share that is lower than the conversion price then the conversion price is reduced to equal the lower price. The conversion price will have a floor $7.05 per share.

 

The Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock authorized has a stated price of $1,000 per share, par value of $0.001 and the Company is authorized to issue 5,000,0000 shares. The Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock is not cumulative, has no redemption features outside the control of the Company, has a liquidation preference of $2,250,000 and is subject to certain typical anti-dilution provisions, such as in the event of the payment of a stock dividend or upon the Company effecting a stock split.

 

The Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible at any time by the shareholder at $22.50 per share. In addition, under the terms of the agreement if, at any time following the six month anniversary of the original issue date or, in the event the Company sells or grants any option to purchase or sells or grants any right to reprice, or otherwise disposes of or issues any shares of common stock or common stock equivalents at an effective price per share that is lower than the conversion price, then the conversion price is reduced to equal the lower price. The conversion price will have a floor $7.05 per share. The holders of the Company’s Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock have no voting rights.

 

GemCap Lending Loan Agreement

 

The Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Inpixon USA and Inpixon Federal (jointly and severally, the “Borrower”), entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with GemCap Lending I, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Lender”) dated as of November 14, 2016.

 

Under the terms of the Loan Agreement, and subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions to funding, the Lender has agreed to make revolving credit loans to the Borrower in an aggregate principal amount which does not exceed 85% of Eligible Accounts (as defined in the Loan Agreement) at any one time outstanding, net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, provided that in no event can the aggregate amount of the revolving credit loans outstanding at any time exceed $10 million (subject to certain conditions). All amounts due under the Loan Agreement upon funding will be secured by the assets of the Company.

 

Borrowings pursuant to the Loan Agreement bear interest at an annual rate equal to the greater of (a) 9.5% and (b) the sum of (i) the “Prime Rate” as reported in the “Money Rates” column of The Wall Street Journal, adjusted as and when such Prime Rate changes, plus (ii) 6%. The interest rate on borrowings is subject to increase by 4% if an event of default has occurred and is continuing.

 

In connection with the Loan Agreement, the Borrower paid to the Lender a $100,000 closing fee. The Lender will also receive (a) an annual line fee equal to $100,000; (b) an unused line fee equal to 0.5% of the daily average unused portion of the maximum amount of Availability (as defined in the Loan Agreement), calculated on an annualized basis, due and payable monthly; (c) a loan administration and monitoring fee equal to 0.5% of the daily average used portion of Availability calculated on a monthly basis, due and payable monthly; and (d) certain other audit and wire fees.

 

Upon closing, the Loan Agreement provided the Borrower with a revolving line of credit, the proceeds of which were used to repay in full the existing indebtedness owed to Western Alliance Bank, as successor in interest to Bridge Bank, N.A.; pay certain expenses related to obtaining the revolving line of credit and for general working capital purposes. 

 

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GemCap Loan Agreement and Loan Schedule Amendment 1

 

On December 9, 2016, the Borrower entered into Amendment Number 1 to the Loan Agreement and to the Loan Agreement Schedule (the “Amendment”), to amend the Loan Agreement with the Lender, including:

 

  Amending the definition of “Borrowing Base” in the Loan Agreement, under which Borrower Base will be calculated at any time as the sum of (i) at any time as the product obtained by multiplying the outstanding amount of all Eligible Accounts (not including and specifically excluding Eligible Unbilled Accounts), net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, by up to eighty-five percent (85%), and (ii) (A) for the period from December 9, 2016 through and including January 9, 2017, the product obtained by multiplying the amount of only Eligible Unbilled Accounts net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, by up to eighty- five percent (85%), (B) for the period from January 10, 2017 through and including February 8, 2017, the product obtained by multiplying the amount of only Eligible Unbilled Accounts net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, by up to seventy percent (70%), (C) for the period from February 9, 2017 through and including March 9, 2017, the product obtained by multiplying the amount of only Eligible Unbilled Accounts net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, by up to fifty percent (50%), and (D) from and after March 10, 2017, the product obtained by multiplying the amount of only Eligible Unbilled Accounts net of all taxes, discounts, allowances and credits given or claimed, by zero percent (0%), it being the understanding of Borrower, that on and after March 10, 2017, Lender shall not make advances against Eligible Unbilled Accounts; provided, that, at all times, the aggregate amount of Eligible Unbilled Accounts shall not exceed twenty percent (20%) of the aggregate amount of Eligible Accounts.

 

  Adding the definition of “Eligible Unbilled Accounts” to the Loan Agreement, which means accounts (i) for which goods are to be provided to an account debtor or work or services are to be performed for an account debtor and the Borrower has not invoiced the account debtor within thirty (30) days after such accounts are first included on the Borrowing Certificate, and (ii) which otherwise satisfy (1), (3), (5) through and including (12) and (14) through and including (22) of the definition of Eligible Accounts as provided in the Loan Agreement.

 

  Amending the deadline for Borrower to deliver Monthly Financial Statements (as defined in the Loan Schedule) to Lender from not later than twenty (20) days after the end of each calendar month to not later than thirty (30) days after the end of each calendar month.

 

  Adding “Inventory schedules” to the definition of “Other Weekly Reports” under the Loan Schedule.

 

In connection with the Amendment, the Lender agreed to (i) waive any default of the Borrower under the Loan Agreement and the Loan Schedule arising from the Borrower’s failure to deposit Collections of Accounts (as defined in the Loan Agreement) received by the Borrower in the account designated by the Lender for the period from November 21, 2016 through and including December 6, 2016 and (ii) provide the Borrower with additional availability for unbilled accounts in accordance with the Amendment.

 

In consideration of the Lender’s consent to waive the default and the accommodation to provide additional availability, the Borrower agreed to pay all of the Lender’s fees and costs, including the Lender’s attorneys’ fees and costs, in respect of the transactions regarding the Amendment and an accommodation fee of $50,000.

 

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December 2016 Registered Direct Offering

 

On December 12, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain investors (the “Investors”) for the sale by the Company of 333,333 shares (the “Common Shares”) of the Company’s common stock at a purchase price of $6.00 per share. Concurrently with the sale of the Common Shares, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement the Company also sold warrants to purchase up to 250,000 shares of common stock (the “Warrants”). The aggregate gross proceeds for the sale of the Common Shares and Warrants was approximately $2.0 million. Subject to certain ownership limitations, the Warrants will be exercisable on the 6-month anniversary of the issuance date at an exercise price equal to $6.75 per share of common stock (the “Exercise Price”), subject to adjustments as provided under the terms of the Warrants. The Warrants are exercisable for five and a half years from the initial issuance date.

 

The net proceeds to the Company from the transactions, after deducting the placement agent’s fees and expenses but before paying the Company’s estimated offering expenses, and excluding the proceeds, if any, from the exercise of the Warrants was approximately $1.8 million. The Company intends to use the net proceeds from the transactions for general corporate purposes, which may include business development activities, capital expenditures, working capital and general and administrative expenses.

 

The Common Shares (but not the Warrants or shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants) were offered and sold by the Company pursuant to a prospectus supplement dated as of December 12, 2016, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, in connection with a takedown from the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 14, 2016 and subsequently declared effective on May 28, 2016 (File No. 333-204159), and a related prospectus dated as of May 28, 2016 contained in such registration statement.

 

Company Name Change and Stock Split

 

On February 27, 2017, the Company, then known as Sysorex Global, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Inpixon, its wholly-owned Nevada subsidiary formed solely for the purpose of changing the Company’s corporate name from Sysorex Global to Inpixon (the “Name Change”). In accordance with the Merger Agreement, effective as of March 1, 2017 (the “Effective Date”), the subsidiary was merged with and into the Company with the Company as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”). In accordance with Section 92A.180 of the Nevada Revised Statutes, stockholder approval of the Merger was not required. 

 

As part of the Company’s Name Change, each of the Company’s subsidiaries also amended their corporate charters to change their names from Sysorex USA, Sysorex Government Services, Inc., and Sysorex Canada Corp. to Inpixon USA, Inpixon Federal, Inc., and Inpixon Canada, Inc., respectively, effective as of March 1, 2017. 

 

Also on the Effective Date, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Articles of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to effect a 1-for-15 reverse stock split (the “Reverse Stock Split”) of the Company’s common stock. Pursuant to the Amendment, effective as of the Effective Date, every 15 shares of the issued and outstanding common stock were converted into one share of common stock, without any change in the par value per share. The Reverse Stock Split was approved by the Company’s stockholders at its 2016 annual meeting of stockholders held on November 8, 2016.

 

The common stock began trading on a Reverse Stock Split-adjusted basis on the NASDAQ Capital Market at the opening of trading on March 1, 2017. In connection with the Reverse Stock Split and the Name Change, the common stock also commenced trading under a new NASDAQ symbol, “INPX,” and a new CUSIP number, 45790J107, at such time. 

 

JOBS Act

 

Pursuant to Section 107 of the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies may delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected to opt out of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, will be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, or GAAP. In connection with the preparation of our consolidated financial statements, we are required to make assumptions and estimates about future events, and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and the related disclosures. We base our assumptions, estimates and judgments on historical experience, current trends and other factors that management believes to be relevant at the time our consolidated financial statements are prepared. On a regular basis, we review the accounting policies, assumptions, estimates and judgments to ensure that our consolidated financial statements are presented fairly and in accordance with GAAP. However, because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results could differ from our assumptions and estimates, and such differences could be material.

 

Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 of the audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. We believe that the following accounting estimates are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results, and they require our most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, resulting from the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. There have been no changes to estimates during the periods presented in the filing. Historically changes in management estimates have not been material.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We provide IT solutions and services to customers with revenues currently derived primarily from the sale of third-party hardware and software products, software, assurance, licenses and other consulting services, including maintenance services. The products and services we sell, and the manner in which they are bundled, are technologically complex and the characterization of these products and services requires judgment in order to apply revenue recognition policies. For all of these revenue sources, we determine whether we are the principal or the agent in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic, 605-45 Principal Agent Considerations.

 

We allocate the total arrangement consideration to the deliverables based on an estimated selling price of our products and services and report revenues containing multiple deliverable arrangements under ASC 605-25 “Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables” (“ASC-605-25”). These multiple deliverable arrangements primarily consist of the following deliverables: third-party computer hardware, third-party software, hardware and software maintenance (a.k.a. support), and third-party services. We determine the estimated selling price using cost plus a reasonable margin for each deliverable, which was based on our established policies and procedures for providing customers with quotes, as well as historical gross margins for our products and services. From time to time our personnel are contracted to perform installation and services for the customer. In situations where we bundle all or a portion of the separate elements, Vendor Specific Objective Evidence (“VSOE”) is determined based on prices when sold separately. Our revenue recognition policies vary based upon these revenue sources and the mischaracterization of these products and services could result in misapplication of revenue recognition polices. 

 

We recognize revenue when the following criteria are met (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) shipment (software or hardware) or fulfillment (maintenance) has occurred and applicable services have been rendered, (3) the sales price is fixed or determinable, and (4) collectability is reasonably assured. Generally, these criteria are met upon shipment to customers with respect to the sales of hardware and software products. With respect to our maintenance and other service agreements, this criteria is met once the service has been provided. Revenue from the sales of our services on time and material contracts is recognized based on a fixed hourly rate as direct labor hours are expended. We recognize revenue for sales of all services on a fixed fee ratably over the term of the arrangement as such services are provided. The Company evaluates whether the revenues it receives from the sale of hardware and software products, licenses, and services, including maintenance and professional consulting services, should be recognized on a gross or net basis on a transaction by transaction basis. We maintain primary responsibility for the materials and procedures utilized to service our customers, even in connection with the sale of third party-products and maintenance services as we are responsible for the fulfillment and acceptability of the products and services purchased by our customers. In addition, the nature of the products sold to our customers are such that they need configuration in order to be utilized properly for the purposes intended by the customer and therefore we assume certain responsibility for product staging, configuration, installation, modification, and integration with other client systems, or retain general inventory risk upon customer return or rejection. Our customers rely on us to develop the appropriate solutions and specifications applicable to their specific systems and then integrate any such required products or services into their systems. As described above, we are responsible for the day to day maintenance and warranty services provided in connection with all of our existing customer relationships, whether such services are ultimately provided directly by the Company and its employees or by the applicable third party service provider. As of the date of this filing, after an evaluation of all of our existing customer relationships, we have concluded that we are the primary obligor to all of our existing customers and therefore recognize all revenues on a gross basis.

 

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Long-lived Assets

 

We account for our long-lived assets in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets” (“ASC 360”), which requires that long-lived assets be evaluated whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable or the useful life has changed. Some of the events or changes in circumstances that would trigger an impairment test include, but are not limited to:

 

  significant under-performance relative to expected and/or historical results (negative comparable sales growth or operating cash flows for two consecutive years);
     
  significant negative industry or economic trends;
     
  knowledge of transactions involving the sale of similar property at amounts below our carrying value; or
     
  our expectation to dispose of long-lived assets before the end of their estimated useful lives, even though the assets do not meet the criteria to be classified as “held for sale.”

 

Long-lived assets are grouped for recognition and measurement of impairment at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets. The impairment test for long-lived assets requires us to assess the recoverability of our long-lived assets by comparing their net carrying value to the sum of undiscounted estimated future cash flows directly associated with and arising from our use and eventual disposition of the assets. If the net carrying value of a group of long-lived assets exceeds the sum of related undiscounted estimated future cash flows, we would be required to record an impairment charge equal to the excess, if any, of net carrying value over fair value. 

 

When assessing the recoverability of our long-lived assets, which include property and equipment and finite-lived intangible assets, we make assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors. Some of these assumptions involve a high degree of judgment and also bear a significant impact on the assessment conclusions. Included among these assumptions are estimating undiscounted future cash flows, including the projection of comparable sales, operating expenses, capital requirements for maintaining property and equipment and residual value of asset groups. We formulate estimates from historical experience and assumptions of future performance, based on business plans and forecasts, recent economic and business trends, and competitive conditions. In the event that our estimates or related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record an impairment charge. Based on our evaluation we did not record a charge for impairment for the years ended December 31, 2016 and, 2015.

 

We evaluate the remaining useful lives of long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets whenever events or circumstances indicate that a revision to the remaining period of amortization is warranted. Such events or circumstances may include (but are not limited to): the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition, and/or other economic factors including the stability of the industry in which we operate, known technological advances, legislative actions, or changes in the regulatory environment. If the estimated remaining useful lives change, the remaining carrying amount of the long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets would be amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life. We have determined that there were no events or circumstances during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 which would indicate a revision to the remaining amortization period related to any of our long lived assets. Accordingly, we believe that the current estimated useful lives of long-lived assets reflect the period over which they are expected to contribute to future cash flows and are therefore deemed appropriate.

 

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Goodwill and Indefinite-lived Assets

 

We have recorded goodwill and other indefinite-lived assets in connection with our acquisitions of Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio. Goodwill, which represents the excess of acquisition cost over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets of the acquired company, is not amortized. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are stated at fair value as of the date acquired in a business combination. Our goodwill balance and other assets with indefinite lives are evaluated for potential impairment during the fourth quarter of each year and in certain other circumstances. The evaluation of impairment involves comparing the current fair value of the business to the recorded value, including goodwill. To determine the fair value of the business, we utilize both the income approach, which is based on estimates of future net cash flows, and the market approach, which observes transactional evidence involving similar businesses. As discussed further in Note 12 to the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2016 we recognized a $7.4 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge related to our Mobile IoT & Big Data Products reporting unit.

 

Deferred Income Taxes

 

In accordance with ASC 740 “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”), management routinely evaluates the likelihood of the realization of its income tax benefits and the recognition of its deferred tax assets. In evaluating the need for any valuation allowance, management will assess whether it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax asset may not be realized. Ultimately, the realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during those periods in which temporary differences become deductible and/or tax credits and tax loss carry-forwards can be utilized. In performing its analyses, management considers both positive and negative evidence including historical financial performance, previous earnings patterns, future earnings forecasts, tax planning strategies, economic and business trends and the potential realization of net operating loss carry-forwards within a reasonable timeframe. To this end, management considered (i) that we have had historical losses in the prior years and cannot anticipate generating a sufficient level of future profits in order to realize the benefits of our deferred tax asset; (ii) tax planning strategies; and (iii) the adequacy of future income as of and for the year ended December 31, 2016, based upon certain economic conditions and historical losses through December 31, 2016. After consideration of these factors management deemed it appropriate to establish a full valuation allowance.

 

A liability for “unrecognized tax benefits” is recorded for any tax benefits claimed in the Company’s tax filings that do not meet these recognition and measurement standards. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported. The guidance also discusses the classification of related interest and penalties on income taxes. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. No interest or penalties were recorded during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We maintain our reserves for credit losses at a level believed by management to be adequate to absorb potential losses inherent in the respective balances. We assign an internal credit quality rating to all new customers and update these ratings regularly, but no less than annually. Management’s determination of the adequacy of the reserve for credit losses for our accounts and notes receivable is based on the age of the receivable balance, the customer’s credit quality rating, an evaluation of historical credit losses, current economic conditions, and other relevant factors.

 

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, allowance for credit losses included an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $378,000 and $285,000, respectively, due to the aging of the items greater than 120 days outstanding and other potential non-collections.

 

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Business Combinations

 

We account for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. Any changes in the estimated fair values of the net assets recorded for acquisitions prior to the finalization of more detailed analysis, but not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition, will change the amount of the purchase price allocable to goodwill. Any subsequent changes to any purchase price allocations that are material to our consolidated financial results will be adjusted. All acquisition costs are expensed as incurred and in-process research and development costs are recorded at fair value as an indefinite-lived intangible asset and assessed for impairment thereafter until completion, at which point the asset is amortized over its expected useful life. Separately recognized transactions associated with business combinations are generally expensed subsequent to the acquisition date. The application of business combination and impairment accounting requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions.

 

Upon acquisition, the accounts and results of operations are consolidated as of and subsequent to the acquisition date and are included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition date.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for equity instruments issued to non-employees in accordance with accounting guidance which requires that such equity instruments are recorded at their fair value on the measurement date, which is typically the date the services are performed.

 

We account for equity instruments issued to employees in accordance with accounting guidance that requires that awards are recorded at their fair value on the date of grant and are amortized over the vesting period of the award. We recognize compensation costs over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the vesting term of the equity instrument issued.

 

The Black-Scholes option valuation model is used to estimate the fair value of the options or the equivalent security granted. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options or warrants. The expected volatility is estimated based on the average of historical volatilities for industry peers.

 

The principal assumptions used in applying the Black-Scholes model along with the results from the model were as follows:

 

    December 31,
2016
  December 31,
2015
Risk-free interest rate   1.35% to 1.47%   1.73% to 2.27%
Expected life of option grants   7 years   7 years
Expected volatility of underlying stock   47.47% to 49.02%   39.4% to 51.45%
Dividends   -   -

 

Operating Segments

 

The Company operates in the following business segments:

 

  Mobile, IoT & Big Data Products: This segment currently includes our Inpixon product (formerly AirPatrol and Lightminer but now integrated as one). Inpixon’s Indoor Positioning and Data Analytics is based on a unique and proprietary sensor technology that finds all accessible cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth signals and then uses a lightning fast data mining engine to deliver visibility and business intelligence based on the industry.
     
  Storage and Computing: This segment includes third party hardware, software and related maintenance/warranty products and services that Inpixon resells. It includes but is not limited to products for enterprise computing; storage; virtualization; networking; etc.

 

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  SaaS Revenues: These are Software-as-a-Services (SaaS) or internet based hosted services including the Shoom product line and other data science services.
     
  Professional Services: These are general IT services including but not limited to: custom application/software design; architecture and development; project management; C4I system consulting; strategic outsourcing; staff augmentation; data center design and operations services; data migration services and other non-SaaS services.

 

Results of Operations

 

Year Ended December 31, 2016 compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2015

 

The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial data as a percentage of our revenue and the percentage of period-over-period change:

 

    Years ended        
    December 31, 2016     December 31, 2015        
(in thousands, except percentages)   Amount     % of
Revenues
    Amount     % of
Revenues
    %
Change
 
                               
Product Revenues   $ 37,510       71 %   $ 51,381       77 %     (27 )%
Services Revenues   $ 15,657       29 %   $ 15,576       23 %     1 %
Cost of net revenues - Products   $ 29,025       55 %   $ 40,763       61 %     (29 )%
Cost of net revenues - Services   $ 9,215       17 %   $ 6,865       10 %     34 %
Gross profit   $ 14,927       28 %   $ 19,329       29 %     (23 )%
Operating expenses   $ 38,650       73 %   $ 30,741       46 %     26 %
Loss from operations   $ (23,723 )     (45 )%   $ (11,412 )     (17 )%     108 %
Net loss   $ (27,503 )     (52 )%   $ (11,729 )     (18 )%     134 %
Net loss attributable to stockholders   $ (27,114 )     (51 )%   $ (11,719 )     (18 )%     131 %

 

Revenues

 

Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016 were $53.2 million compared to $67.0 million for the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease of $13.8 million, or approximately 20.6%, is primarily associated with a decline in revenues earned by the storage and computing segment. Revenue earned by mobile, IoT & Big Data products and services for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $1.6 million compared to $1.7 million for the prior year period. Revenue earned by storage and computing products and services was $36.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 as compared to $50.0 million for the prior year period. SaaS revenue was $3.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2016 as compared to $3.7 million during the prior year period. Professional services revenue was $12.2 million during the year ended December 31, 2016 and $11.6 million during the prior year period. Revenues declined during the year ended December 31, 2016 because of the challenges the Value-Added Reseller (VAR) industry is facing with customers moving to Cloud services; refreshing technology less frequently as products improve and more SaaS based solutions in the market place. These industry wide factors impacted our Storage & Computing and Professional Services segment significantly in 2016. We have taken steps to address this decline by diversifying our customer base to now include federal government customers with the Integrio acquisition. Federal government customers are not making these changes as quickly and the expanded customer base will allow us to grow these segments.

 

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Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $38.2 million compared to $47.6 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This decrease of $9.4 million, or approximately 19.7%, was primarily attributable to lower sales. Mobile, IoT & Big Data products cost of net revenues was $553,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 as compared to $510,000 for the prior year period. Storage and computing cost of net revenues was $28.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, and $40.3 million for the prior year period. SaaS cost of net revenues was $938,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016 and $824,000 during the prior year period. Professional services cost of net revenues was $8.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2016 and $6.0 million during the prior year period.

 

The gross profit margin for the year ended December 31, 2016 was 28% compared to 29% for the year ended December 31, 2015. This decrease in margin is based on the sales mix. Mobile, IoT & Big Data products gross margins for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were 66% and 69%, respectively. Gross margins for the storage and computing segment for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were 21% and 19%, respectively. Gross margins for SaaS revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were 71% and 78%, respectively. Gross margins for professional services revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were 32% and 48%, respectively.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016 were $38.7 million and $30.7 million for the comparable period ended December 31, 2015. This increase of $8.0 million includes a $1.6 million increase in research and development costs associated with new product development, a $1.1 million increase in general and administrative costs primarily attributable to an increase in amortization of internally developed software and stock-based compensation, a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $7.4 million, a $0.5 million increase in acquisition related costs associated with the Integrio acquisition, a $0.4 million increase in the amortization of intangibles offset by a $3.0 million decrease in sales and marketing expenses related to the decrease in sales in the period.

 

Loss From Operations

 

Loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $23.7 million as compared to $11.4 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This increase of $12.3 million was primarily attributable to a decrease in gross profit of approximately $4.4 million and an increase in operating expenses of approximately $7.9 million which includes a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $7.4 million.

 

Other Income/Expense

 

Other income/expense consisted primarily of interest expense, reserve for recoverability of note receivable, loss on the disposition of assets and change in the fair value of shares to be issued. Interest expenses for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $1,743,000 and $448,000, respectively. The increase of approximately $1.3 million was primarily attributable to interest attributable to the August 2016 Senior Convertible Debenture and a higher revolving line of credit balance. For the year ended December 31, 2016, other income/expense included a $1,077,000 reserve for recoverability of note receivable, a $338,000 expense for AirPatrol pre-acquisition obsolete inventory offset by $72,000 of interest income.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

There was no provision for income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 as the Company was in a net taxable loss position. Deferred tax assets resulting from such losses are fully reserved as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 since, at present the Company has no history of taxable income and it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized.

 

Net Loss Attributable To Non-Controlling Interest

 

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest for the years ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were $389,000 and $10,000, respectively. This increase in loss of $379,000 was attributable to an increased loss incurred at Sysorex Arabia due to reserve related to the settlement of obligations related to the wind down of the entity.

 

Net Loss Attributable To Stockholders of Inpixon

 

Net loss attributable to stockholders of Inpixon for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $27.1 million compared to $11.7 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This increase in loss of $15.4 million was attributable to the changes described for the various reporting captions discussed above.

 

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Non-GAAP Financial information

 

EBITDA

 

EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest, provision for (benefit from) income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is used by our management as the matrix in which it manages the business. It is defined as EBITDA plus adjustments for other income or expense items, non-recurring items and non-cash stock-based compensation.

 

Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2016 was a loss of $9.8 million compared to a loss of $3.4 million for the prior year period.

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of net income/loss attributable to stockholders of Inpixon, which is our GAAP operating performance measure, to Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):

 

   

For the Years Ended

December 31,

 
    2016     2015  
Net loss attributable to stockholders   $ (27,114 )   $ (11,719 )
Adjustments:                
Non-recurring one-time charges:                
Provision for doubtful accounts     685       1,206  
Reserve for recoverability of note receivable     1,077       --  
Costs associated with public offering     4       46  
Acquisition transaction/financing costs     876       355  
Severance     55       307  
(Gain)/Loss on the settlement of obligations     (1,541 )     85  
Change in the fair value of shares to be issued     (13 )     (211 )
Change in the fair value of derivative liability     (51 )     --  
Stock-based compensation - compensation and related benefits     1,377       1,424  
Interest expense     1,743       448  
Impairment of goodwill     7,400       --  
Depreciation and amortization     5,662       4,647  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ (9,840 )   $ (3,412 )

 

We rely on Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure for the following:

 

  To review and assess the operating performance of our Company as permitted by Accounting Standards Codification Topic 280, Segment Reporting;
     
  To compare our current operating results with corresponding periods and with the operating results of other companies in our industry;
     
  As a basis for allocating resources to various projects;
     
  As a measure to evaluate potential economic outcomes of acquisitions, operational alternatives and strategic decisions; and
     
  To evaluate internally the performance of our personnel.

 

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We have presented Adjusted EBITDA above because we believe it conveys useful information to investors regarding our operating results. We believe it provides an additional way for investors to view our operations, when considered with both our GAAP results and the reconciliation to net income (loss). By including this information we can provide investors with a more complete understanding of our business. Specifically, we present Adjusted EBITDA as supplemental disclosure because of the following:

 

  We believe Adjusted EBITDA is a useful tool for investors to assess the operating performance of our business without the effect of interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization  and other non-cash items including stock based compensation, amortization of intangibles, change in the fair value of shares to be issued, change in the fair value of derivative liability, impairment of goodwill and one time charges including gain/loss on the settlement of obligations, severance costs, provision for doubtful accounts, acquisition costs and the costs associated with the public offering.
     
  We believe that it is useful to provide to investors with a standard operating metric used by management to evaluate our operating performance; and
     
  We believe that the use of Adjusted EBITDA is helpful to compare our results to other companies.

 

Even though we believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful for investors, it does have limitations as an analytical tool. Thus, we strongly urge investors not to consider this metric in isolation or as a substitute for net income (loss) and the other consolidated statement of operations data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Some of these limitations include the fact that:

 

  Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
     
  Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
     
  Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the significant interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt;
     
  Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
     
  Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect income or other taxes or the cash requirements to make any tax payments; and
     
  Other companies in our industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, thereby potentially limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

 

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered a measure of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business or as a measure of performance in compliance with GAAP. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and providing Adjusted EBITDA only as supplemental information.

 

Proforma Non-GAAP Net Loss per Share

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016 was ($15.61) compared to ($8.30) for the prior year period. This increase was attributable to the changes discussed in our results of operations.

 

Proforma non-GAAP net income (loss) per share is used by our Company’s management as an evaluation tool as it manages the business and is defined as net income (loss) per basic and diluted share adjusted for non-cash items including stock based compensation, amortization of intangibles and one time charges including gain on the settlement of obligations, severance costs, provision for doubtful accounts, change in the fair value of shares to be issued, acquisition costs and the costs associated with the public offering.

 

Proforma non-GAAP net loss per basic and diluted common share for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016 was ($7.44) compared to a loss of ($3.20) per share for the prior year period.

 

  53  
 

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss per basic and diluted share, which is our GAAP operating performance measure, to proforma non-GAAP net loss per share for the periods reflected (in thousands, except per share data):

 

   

Years Ended

December 31,

 
(thousands, except per share data)   2016     2015  
Net loss attributable to stockholders   $ (27,114 )   $ (11,719 )
Adjustments:                
Non-recurring one-time charges:                
Provision for doubtful accounts     685       1,206  
Reserve for recoverability of note receivable     1,077       --  
Costs associated with public offering     4       46  
Acquisition transaction/financing costs     876       355  
Severance     55       307  
(Gain)/Loss on the settlement of obligations     (1,541 )     85  
Change in the fair value of shares to be issued     (13 )     (211 )
Change in the fair value of derivative liability     (51 )     --  
Stock-based compensation - compensation and related benefits     1,377       1,424  
Impairment of goodwill     7,400       --  
Amortization of intangibles     4,328       3,994  
Proforma non-GAAP net loss   $ (12,917 )   $ (4,513 )
Proforma non-GAAP net loss per basic and diluted common share   $ (7.44 )   $ (3.20 )
Weighted average basic and diluted common shares outstanding     1,737,120       1,412,094  

 

We rely on proforma non-GAAP net loss per share, which is a non-GAAP financial measure:

 

  To review and assess the operating performance of our Company as permitted by Accounting Standards Codification Topic 280, Segment Reporting;
     
  To compare our current operating results with corresponding periods and with the operating results of other companies in our industry;
     
  As a measure to evaluate potential economic outcomes of acquisitions, operational alternatives and strategic decisions; and
     
  To evaluate internally the performance of our personnel.

 

We have presented proforma non-GAAP net loss per share above because we believe it conveys useful information to investors regarding our operating results. We believe it provides an additional way for investors to view our operations, when considered with both our GAAP results and the reconciliation to net income (loss), and that by including this information we can provide investors with a more complete understanding of our business. Specifically, we present proforma non-GAAP net loss per share as supplemental disclosure because: 

 

  We believe proforma non-GAAP net loss per share is a useful tool for investors to assess the operating performance of our business without the effect of non-cash items including stock based compensation, amortization of intangibles and one time charges including gain on the settlement of obligations, severance costs, provision for doubtful accounts, change in the fair value of shares to be issued, acquisition costs and the costs associated with the public offering.
     
  We believe that it is useful to provide to investors a standard operating metric used by management to evaluate our operating performance; and
     
  We believe that the use of proforma non-GAAP net loss per share is helpful to compare our results to other companies.

 

  54  
 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources as of December 31, 2016

 

Our current capital resources and operating results as of and through December 31, 2016, consist of:

 

  1) an overall working capital deficit of $21.0 million;
     
  2) cash of $1.8 million;
     
  3) the credit facility for up to $10 million which we borrow against based on eligible assets with a maturity date of November 14, 2018 of which $6.7 million is utilized; and
     
  4) net cash used in operating activities of $2.8 million.

 

We believe our total working capital deficit of $21.0 million does not represent a severe impediment to our operations and growth when its principal components are separately identified and analyzed and the anticipated growth of our business is taken into account. The breakdown of our overall working capital deficit is as follows (in thousands):

 

    Current     Current        
Working Capital   Assets     Liabilities     Net  
Cash   $ 1,821     $ --     $ 1,821  
Accounts receivable / accounts payable     11,788       23,027       (11,239 )
Notes and other receivables     362       --       362  
Prepaid licenses and contracts / deferred revenue     13,321       15,043       (1,722 )
Short term debt     --       6,887       (6,887 )
Other     2,852       6,210       (3,358 )
Net   $ 30,144     $ 51,167     $ (21,023 )

 

Deferred revenue exceeds the related prepaid contracts by $1.7 million and other liabilities exceed other assets by $3.4 million. These deficits are expected to be funded by our anticipated cash flow from operations, as described below, over the next twelve months. We do not believe that the credit facility, with a balance of $6.7 million at December 31, 2016 will have a material adverse effect on our liquidity in the next twelve months as the credit facility principal balance is not due until November 2018. 

 

Net cash used in operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2016 of $2.8 million consists of net loss of $27.5 million less non-cash expenses of $15.4 million and net cash provided of $9.3 million in changes in operating assets and liabilities. We expect net cash from operations to increase during 2017 as:

 

  1) Our services are growing and becoming a larger part of our sales mix. These services generate gross margins of 40-60% and will be a larger contribution to our cash flow in the future.
     
  2) Inpixon was awarded two large multiple-award government IDIQ Contracts in 2015 (NASA SEWP and NIH CIO-CS) that enable Inpixon to capture task orders issued by any government agency under these contract vehicles. The Company has captured task orders under the NASA SEWP contract and believes that it will be successful in securing additional task orders under both of these contracts, however there are no assurances that additional task orders under the contracts will ultimately be awarded to the Company. If such task orders are secured, then these contracts will provide the opportunity to increase our revenue and cash flows.
     
 

3)

 

Inpixon is generating revenue from new versions of its Inpixon product line that will contribute to operating cash flow.

 

  55  
 

 

The Company’s capital resources as of December 31, 2016, availability on the $10.0 million line of credit (of which $6.7 million is utilized as of December 31, 2016), higher margin business line expansion and recent contract awards, may not be sufficient to fund planned operations during 2017. The Company also has an effective registration statement on Form S-3 which will allow it to raise additional capital from the sale of its securities, subject to certain limitations for registrants with a market capitalization of less than $75 million. The information in this Form 10-K concerning the Company’s Form S-3 registration statement does not constitute an offer of any securities for sale. If these sources do not provide the capital necessary to fund the Company’s operations during the next twelve months, the Company may need to curtail certain aspects of its expansion activities or consider other means of obtaining additional financing, such as through the sale of assets or of a business segment, although there is no guarantee that the Company could obtain the financing necessary to continue its operations.

 

Our consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2016 have been prepared under the assumption that we will continue as a going concern for the next twelve months from the date the financial statements are issued. Our independent registered public accounting firm has issued a report as of December 31, 2016 that includes an explanatory paragraph referring to our recurring and continuing losses from operations and expressing substantial doubt in our ability to continue as a going concern without additional capital becoming available. Management’s plans and assessment of the probability that such plans will mitigate and alleviate any substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, is dependent upon the ability to obtain additional equity or debt financing, attain further operating efficiency, reduce expenditures, and, ultimately, to generate sufficient levels of revenue, which together represent the principal conditions that raise substantial doubt. Our consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2016 do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources – GemCap Lending

 

See the discussion above in the section titled “Recent Events – GemCap Lending Loan Agreement” for information concerning this loan.

 

As of December 31, 2016, the principal amount outstanding under the Loan Agreement was $6.7 million. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources as of December 31, 2016 Compared With December 31, 2015

 

The Company’s net cash flows used in operating, investing and financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 and certain balances as of the end of those periods are as follows (in thousands):

 

    Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2016     2015  
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (2,785 )   $ (8,201 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (2,665 )     (1,550 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     3,190       10,534  
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash     21       49  
Net increase in cash   $ (2,239 )   $ 832  
                 
   

December 31,

2016

   

December 31,

2015

 
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 1,821     $ 4,060  
Working capital (deficit)   $ (21,023 )   $ (4,238 )

 

  56  
 

 

Operating Activities for the year ended December 31, 2016

 

Net cash used in operating activities during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $2.8 million and $8.2 million, respectively. The net negative cash flows related to the year ended December 31, 2016 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

Net loss   $ (27,503 )
Non-cash income and expenses     15,440  
Net change in operating assets and liabilities     9,278  
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (2,785 )

 

The non-cash income and expense of $15.4 million consisted primarily of the following (in thousands):

 

$ 5,661     Depreciation and amortization expenses (including amortization of intangibles) primarily attributable to the Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol, LightMiner and Integrio operations, which were acquired effective March 1, 2013, August 31, 2013, April 16, 2014, April 24, 2015 and November 21, 2016, respectively
  7,400     Impairment of goodwill
  1,077     Reserve for note receivable
  1,377     Stock-based compensation expense attributable to warrants and options issued as part of Company operations and for the AirPatrol acquisition
  (1,541 )   Gain on settlement of obligations related to Integrio vendor liabilities
  491     Amortization of debt discount
  749     Reserve for settlement of bond related to the wind down of Sysorex Arabia
  93     Provision for doubtful accounts
  133     Other
$ 15,440     Total non-cash expenses

 

The net use of cash in the change in operating assets and liabilities aggregated $9.3 million and consisted primarily of the following (in thousands):

 

$ 2,968     Decrease in accounts receivable and other receivables
  (232 )   Increase in prepaid licenses and maintenance contracts
  (949 )   Increase in inventory and other assets
  6,907     Increase in accounts payable
  594     Increase in accrued liabilities and other liabilities
  (10 )   Decrease in deferred revenue
$ 9,278     Net use of cash in the changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

Operating Activities for the year ended December 31, 2015

 

Net cash flows used in operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2015 was $8.2 million and consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

$ (11,729 )   Net loss
  6,414     Non-cash income and expenses
  (2,886 )   Net change in operating assets and liabilities
$ (8,201 )   Net cash used in operating activities

 

  57  
 

 

The non-cash income and expense of $6.4 million consisted primarily of the following (in thousands):

 

$ 4,647     Depreciation and amortization expenses (including amortization of intangibles) primarily attributable to the Lilien, Shoom, AirPatrol and LightMiner operations, which were acquired effective March 1, 2013, August 31, 2013, April 16, 2014 and April 24, 2015, respectively
  1,424     Stock-based compensation expense attributable to warrants and options issued as part of Company operations and for the AirPatrol acquisition
  1,032     Provision for doubtful accounts
  (695 )   Treasury shares received upon settlement of escrow
  6     Other
$ 6,414     Total non-cash expenses

 

The net use of cash in the change in operating assets and liabilities aggregated $2.9 million and consisted primarily of the following (in thousands):

 

$ (5,066 )   Increase in accounts receivable and other receivables
  (744 )   Increase in prepaid licenses and maintenance contracts
  (586 )   Increase in inventory and other assets
  1,944     Increase in accounts payable
  439     Increase in accrued liabilities and other liabilities
  1,127     Increase in deferred revenue
$ (2,886 )   Net use of cash in the changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities as of December 31, 2016 and 2015

 

Net cash flows used in investing activities during 2016 was $2.7 million compared to net cash flows used in investing activities during 2015 of $1.6 million. Cash flows related to investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2016 include $526,000 for the purchase of property and equipment, $1.6 million investment in capitalized software, $753,000 related to the acquisition of Integrio, offset by $189,000 of cash acquired in the Integrio acquisition. The cash flows related to investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2015 included $355,000 for the purchase of property and equipment, $1.2 million investment in capitalized software and $19,000 for the purchase of LightMiner.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities as of December 31, 2016 and 2015

 

Net cash flows from financing activities during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $3.2 million and $10.5 million, respectively. The positive cash flows related to the year ended December 31, 2016 were primarily comprised of $5.0 million of proceeds from the August 2016 securities offering, net proceeds of $1.7 million from the December 2016 capital raise, offset by repayments to the credit line of $1.9 million, $1.6 million repayment of the term loan and $70,000 repayment of notes payable. The positive cash flows related to the year ended December 31, 2015 were primarily comprised of $4.7 million advances from the credit line, $2 million advance from the term loan and $4.7 million from the September 2015 capital raise offset by a $764,000 repayment of the term loan and $71,000 repayment of notes payable.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet guarantees, interest rate swap transactions or foreign currency contracts. We do not engage in trading activities involving non-exchange traded contracts.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

For a discussion of recently issued accounting pronouncements, please see Note 2 to our financial statements, which are included in this report beginning on page F-1.

 

ITEM 7A: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide this information.

 

  58  
 

 

ITEM 8: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

INPIXON

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

    Page No.
ANNUAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2016 and 2015   F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015   F-5
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015   F-6
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015   F-7
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015   F-8
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   F-9

 

F-1

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors of

Inpixon and Subsidiaries

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Inpixon and Subsidiaries (formerly known as Sysorex Global and Subsidiaries) (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Inpixon and Subsidiaries (formerly known as Sysorex Global and Subsidiaries), as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has recurring losses from operations and expects to continue to have losses in the foreseeable future. These conditions raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. Our opinion is not modified with respect to this matter,

 

/s/ Marcum llp

 

Marcum llp

New York, NY
April 17, 2017

 

F-2

 

 

INPIXON AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

(f/k/a SYSOREX GLOBAL AND SUBSIDIARIES)

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(In thousands, except number of shares and par value data)

 

 

    December 31,  
    2016     2015  
Assets            
             
Current Assets            
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 1,821     $ 4,060  
Accounts receivable, net     11,788       12,209  
Notes and other receivables     362       1,340  
Inventory     1,061       755  
Prepaid licenses and maintenance contracts     13,321       7,509  
Assets held for sale     23       772  
Prepaid assets and other current assets     1,768       1,967  
                 
Total Current Assets     30,144       28,612  
                 
Prepaid licenses and maintenance contracts, non-current     5,169       6,586  
Property and equipment, net     1,385       1,392  
Software development costs, net     2,058       1,281  
Intangible assets, net     17,691       17,161  
Goodwill     9,028       13,166  
Other assets     998       517  
                 
Total Assets   $ 66,473     $ 68,715  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3

 

 

INPIXON AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

(f/k/a SYSOREX GLOBAL AND SUBSIDIARIES)

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)

 

(In thousands, except number of shares and par value data)

 

 

    December 31,  
    2016     2015  
             
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity            
             
Current Liabilities            
Accounts payable   $ 23,027     $ 9,320  
Accrued liabilities     4,169       2,992  
Deferred revenue     15,043       9,095  
Short-term debt, net     6,887       9,417  
Liabilities held for sale     2,041       2,026  
                 
Total Current Liabilities     51,167       32,850  
                 
Long Term Liabilities                
Deferred revenue, non-current     5,960       7,666  
Long-term debt, net     4,047       1,226  
Other liabilities     371       542  
Acquisition liability - Integrio     1,648       --  
Acquisition liability - LightMiner     567       3,475  
Total Liabilities     63,760       45,759  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies                
                 
Stockholders' Equity                
                 
Preferred stock - $0.001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; 0 issued and outstanding     --       --  
Convertible Series 1 Preferred Stock - $1,000.00 stated value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; 2,250 and 0 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  Liquidation preference of $2,250,000 and $0 at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.     1,340       --  
Common stock - $0.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 2,171,886 and 1,687,324 issued and 2,155,964 and 1,671,402 outstanding at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively     33       25  
Additional paid-in capital     64,117       58,226  
Treasury stock, at cost, 15,922 shares     (695 )     (695 )
Due from Sysorex Consulting Inc.     (666 )     (666 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income     52       31  
Accumulated deficit (excluding $2,442 reclassified to additional paid in capital in quasi-reorganization)     (59,473 )     (32,359 )
                 
Stockholders' Equity Attributable to Inpixon     4,708       24,562  
                 
Non- controlling Interest     (1,995 )     (1,606 )
                 
Total Stockholders' Equity     2,713       22,956  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity   $ 66,473     $ 68,715  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4

 

 

INPIXON AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

(f/k/a SYSOREX GLOBAL AND SUBSIDIARIES)

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

 

    For the Years Ended  
    December 31,  
    2016     2015  
Revenues      
Products   $ 37,510     $ 51,381  
Services     15,657       15,576  
Total Revenues     53,167       66,957  
                 
Cost of Revenues                
Products     29,025       40,763  
Services     9,215       6,865  
Total Cost of Revenues     38,240       47,628  
                 
Gross Profit     14,927       19,329  
                 
Operating Expenses                
Research and development     2,277       635  
Sales and marketing     8,500       11,531  
General and administrative     15,269       14,226  
Acquisition related costs     876       355  
Impairment of goodwill     7,400       --  
Amortization of intangibles     4,328       3,994  
                 
Total Operating Expenses     38,650       30,741  
                 
Loss from Operations     (23,723 )     (11,412 )
                 
Other Income (Expense)                
Interest expense     (1,743 )     (448 )
Other income/(expense)     (266 )     25  
Change in fair value of derivative liability     51       --  
Loss on the settlement of obligation     --       (85 )
Reserve for the recoverability of note receivable     (1,077)       --  
Change in fair value of shares to be issued     13       211  
Total Other Income (Expense)     (3,022 )     (297 )
                 
Net Loss from Continuing Operations     (26,745 )     (11,709 )
                 
Net Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax     (758 )     (20 )
                 
Net Loss     (27,503 )     (11,729 )
                 
Net Loss Attributable to Non-controlling Interest     (389 )     (10 )
                 
Net Loss Attributable to Stockholders of Inpixon   $ (27,114 )   $ (11,719 )
                 
Net Loss Per Basic and Diluted Common Share                
Loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders   $ (15.40 )   $ (8.29 )
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax   $ (0.21 )   $ (0.01 )
Net Loss Per Basic and Diluted Common Share   $ (15.61 )   $ (8.30 )
                 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding                
Basic and Diluted     1,737,120       1,412,094  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5

 

 

INPIXON AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

(f/k/a SYSOREX GLOBAL AND SUBSIDIARIES)  

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

(In thousands)

 

 

    For the Years Ended  
    December 31,  
    2016     2015  
             
Net Loss   $ (27,503 )   $ (11,729 )
                 
Unrealized foreign exchange gain from cumulative translation adjustments     21       49  
                 
Comprehensive Loss   $ (27,482 )   $ (11,680 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6

 

INPIXON AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

(f/k/a SYSOREX GLOBAL AND SUBSIDIARIES)

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2016

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

 

    Series 1 Convertible           Additional                 Due from     Accumulated
Other
          Non-     Total  
    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Paid-In     Treasury Stock     Sysorex     Comprehensive     Accumulated     Controlling     Stockholders'  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Shares     Amount     Consulting, Inc.     Income (Loss)     Deficit     Interest     Equity  
Balance - January 1, 2015     -     $ -       1,313,817     $ 20     $ 52,121       -     $ -     $ (666 )   $ (18 )   $ (20,640 )   $ (1,596 )   $ 29,221  
                                                                                                 
Common shares issued for services     --       --       23,416       --       455       --       --       --       --       --       --       455  
Stock options granted to employees and consultants for services     --       --       --       --       958       --       --       --       --       --       --       958  
Warrants granted to consultants for services     --       --       --       --       12       --       --       --       --       --       --       12  
Returned shares from AirPatrol holdback     --       --       --       --       --       (15,922 )     (695 )     --       --       --       --       (695 )
Common shares issued for options exercised     --       --       91       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
Common shares issued for net cash proceeds from a public offering     --       --       350,000       5       4,680       --       --       --       --       --       --       4,685  
Cumulative translation adjustment     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       49       --       --       49  
Net loss     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       (11,719 )     (10 )     (11,729 )
                                                                                                 
Balance - December 31, 2015     --     $ --       1,687,324     $ 25     $ 58,226       (15,922 )   $ (695 )   $ (666 )   $ 31     $ (32,359 )   $ (1,606 )   $ 22,956  
                                                                                                 
Series 1 redeemable convertible preferred stock issued     2,250       1,340       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       1,340  
Common shares issued for services     --       --       13,000       --       71       --       --       --       --       --       --       71  
Issuance of LightMiner acquisition shares     --       --       102,895       2       2,894       --       --       --       --       --       --       2,896  
Stock options granted to employees for services     --       --       --       --       1,306       --       --       --       --       --       --       1,306  
Reclassification of warrants to derivative liabilities     --       --       --       --       (209 )     --       --       --       --       --       --       (209
Issuance of common stock for Integrio acquisition     --       --       35,333       1       100       --       --       --       --       --       --       101  
Common shares and warrants issued for cash     --       --       333,333       5       1,729       --       --       --       --       --       --       1,734  
Cumulative translation adjustment     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       21       --       --       21  
Net loss     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       (27,114 )     (389 )     (27,503 )